(1) In accordance with Insurance Article, §5-201, Annotated Code of Maryland, the appointed actuary shall prepare a memorandum to the company describing the analysis done in support of the actuary's opinion regarding the reserves. The memorandum shall be made available for examination by the Commissioner upon the Commissioner's request.
(2) In preparing the memorandum, the appointed actuary may rely on, and include as a part of the actuary's own memorandum, memoranda prepared and signed by other actuaries who are qualified within the meaning of Regulation .02B(7) of this chapter, with respect to the areas covered in those memoranda, and so state in their memoranda.
(a) If the Commissioner requests a memorandum, the Commissioner may designate a qualified actuary to review the opinion and prepare a supporting memorandum, if:
(i) No memorandum exists; or
(ii) The Commissioner finds that the analysis described in the memorandum fails to meet the standards of the Actuarial Standards Board or the standards and requirements of this chapter.
(b) The reasonable and necessary expense of the independent review shall be paid by the company, but the review shall be directed and controlled by the Commissioner.
(4) Company Data.
(a) The reviewing actuary has the same status as an examiner for purposes of obtaining data from the company. The work papers and documentation of the reviewing actuary shall be retained by the Commissioner.
(b) Information provided by the company to the reviewing actuary and included in the work papers:
(i) Is considered as material provided by the company to the Commissioner; and
(ii) Shall be kept confidential to the same extent as is prescribed by law with respect to other material provided by the company to the Commissioner pursuant to Insurance Article, §2-209, Annotated Code of Maryland.
(c) The reviewing actuary may not be an employee of a consulting firm involved with the preparation of any prior memorandum or opinion for the company pursuant to this regulation for the current year or any one of the preceding 3 years.
(5) Asset Adequacy Issues Summary.
(a) In accordance with Insurance Article, §5-201, Annotated Code of Maryland, the appointed actuary shall prepare a regulatory asset adequacy issues summary, the contents of which are specified in §D of this regulation.
(b) The regulatory asset adequacy issues summary shall be submitted not later than March 15 of the year following the year for which a statement of actuarial opinion based on asset adequacy is required.
(c) The regulatory asset adequacy issues summary shall be kept confidential to the same extent and under the same conditions as the actuarial memorandum.
B. Details of Memorandum Section Documenting Asset Adequacy Analysis. When an actuarial opinion under Regulation .05 of this chapter is provided, the memorandum shall demonstrate that the analysis has been done in accordance with the standards for asset adequacy analysis referred to in Regulation .03C of this chapter and any additional standards under this chapter. It shall specify:
(1) For reserves:
(a) Product descriptions including market description, underwriting, and other aspects of a risk profile, and the specific risks the appointed actuary considers significant;
(b) Source of liability in force;
(c) Reserve method and basis;
(d) Investment reserves;
(e) Reinsurance arrangements;
(f) Identification of any explicit or implied guarantees made by the general account in support of benefits provided through a separate account or under a separate account policy or contract, and the methods used by the appointed actuary to provide for the guarantees in the asset adequacy analysis; and
(g) Documentation of assumptions to test reserves for the following:
(i) Lapse rates (both base and excess);
(ii) Interest crediting rate strategy;
(iv) Policyholder dividend strategy;
(v) Competitor or market interest rate;
(vi) Annuitization rates;
(vii) Commissions and expenses; and
(2) For assets:
(a) Portfolio descriptions, including a risk profile disclosing the quality, distribution, and types of assets;
(b) Investment and disinvestment assumptions;
(c) Source of asset data;
(d) Asset valuation bases; and
(e) Documentation of assumptions made for:
(i) Default costs;
(ii) Bond call function;
(iii) Mortgage prepayment function;
(iv) Determining market value for assets sold due to disinvestment strategy; and
(v) Determining yield on assets acquired through the investment strategy;
(3) For the analysis basis:
(b) Rationale for inclusion/exclusion of different blocks of business and how pertinent risks were analyzed;
(c) Rationale for degree of rigor in analyzing different blocks of business, including the level of materiality that was used in determining how rigorously to analyze different blocks of business;
(d) Criteria for determining asset adequacy, including the precise basis for determining if assets are adequate to cover reserves under moderately adverse conditions or other conditions as specified in relevant actuarial standards of practice; and
(e) Whether the impact of federal income taxes was considered and the treatment of reinsurance in the asset adequacy analysis;
(4) Summary of material changes in methods, procedures, or assumptions from the prior year's asset adequacy analysis;
(5) Summary of results; and
(6) Conclusion or conclusions.
C. In §B(1) and (2) of this regulation, the documentation of the assumptions shall be such that an actuary reviewing the actuarial memorandum could form a conclusion as to the reasonableness of the assumptions.
D. Details of the Regulatory Asset Adequacy Issues Summary.
(1) The regulatory asset adequacy issues summary shall include:
(a) Descriptions of the scenarios tested, including whether those scenarios are stochastic or deterministic, and the sensitivity testing done relative to those scenarios as follows:
(i) If negative ending surplus results under certain tests in the aggregate, the actuary should describe those tests and the amount of additional reserve as of the valuation date which, if held, would eliminate the negative aggregate surplus values; and
(ii) Ending surplus values shall be determined by either extending the projection period until the in-force and associated assets and liabilities at the end of the projection period are immaterial or by adjusting the surplus amount at the end of the projection period by an amount that appropriately estimates the value that can reasonably be expected to arise from the assets and liabilities remaining in force;
(b) The extent to which the appointed actuary uses assumptions in the asset adequacy analysis that are materially different than the assumptions used in the previous asset adequacy analysis;
(c) The amount of reserves and the identity of the product lines that had been subjected to asset adequacy analysis in the prior opinion but were not subject to analysis for the current opinion;
(d) Comments on any interim results that may be of significant concern to the appointed actuary, for example, the impact of the insufficiency of assets to support the payment of benefits and expenses and the establishment of statutory reserves during one or more interim periods;
(e) The methods used by the actuary to recognize the impact of reinsurance on the company's cash flows, including both assets and liabilities, under each of the scenarios tested; and
(f) Whether the actuary has been satisfied that all options whether explicit or embedded, in any asset or liability, including but not limited to those affecting cash flows embedded in fixed income securities, and equity-like features in any investments, have been appropriately considered in the asset adequacy analysis.
(2) The regulatory asset adequacy issues summary shall contain the name of the company for which the regulatory asset adequacy issues summary is being supplied and shall be signed and dated by the appointed actuary rendering the actuarial opinion.
E. Conformity to Standards of Practice. The memorandum shall include a statement:
"Actuarial methods, considerations, and analyses used in the preparation of this memorandum conform to the appropriate Standards of Practice as promulgated by the Actuarial Standards Board, which standards form the basis for this memorandum."
F. Use of Assets Supporting the Interest Maintenance Reserve and the Asset Valuation Reserve.
(1) An appropriate allocation of assets in the amount of the interest maintenance reserve (IMR), whether positive or negative, shall be used in any asset adequacy analysis.
(2) Analysis of risks regarding asset default may include an appropriate allocation of assets supporting the asset valuation reserve (AVR), and these AVR assets may not be applied for any other risks with respect to reserve adequacy.
(3) Analysis of these AVR assets and other risks may include assets supporting other mandatory or voluntary reserves available to the extent not used for risk analysis and reserve support.
(4) The amount of the assets used for the AVR shall be disclosed in the Table of Reserves and Liabilities of the opinion and in the memorandum. The method used for selecting particular assets or allocated portions of assets shall be disclosed in the memorandum.
G. Documentation. The appointed actuary shall retain on file, for at least 7 years, sufficient documentation so that it will be possible to determine:
(1) The procedures followed;
(2) The analyses performed;
(3) The basis for assumptions; and
(4) The results obtained.