15.11.12.01

.01 Definitions.

A. "Accredited veterinarian" means a licensed veterinarian approved by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Maryland Department of Agriculture.

B. "Approved pesticide" means any pesticide which is recognized and approved by the Department or the U.S. Department of Agriculture as an effective agent in the control or eradication of possible insect or arachnid vectors of equine infectious anemia.

C. "Department" means the Maryland Department of Agriculture.

D. "Equine infectious anemia (swamp fever)" means a disease of equines caused by a virus which is infectious in nature and spreads from horse to horse by blood sucking insects, unsterile surgical instruments (especially hypodermic needles) and the community use of equipment that produces cuts and abrasions. The virus can infect both sexes, all age groups and all breeds and species of equines. Infected animals remain carriers of the disease for their entire lifetime, constituting a potential source of spread. The disease may be acute or chronic or inapparent. There is no known cure or treatment.

E. "Horse" means any member of the equine family, including horses, mules, asses, zebra, or other equidae.

F. Official Test.

(1) "Official test" means an official test for equine infectious anemia accomplished by a laboratory approved by the U.S. Department of Agriculture on blood samples collected by accredited veterinarians.

(2) "Official test" includes:

(a) The agar get immunodiffusion (AGID) blood test using only antigen licensed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture;

(b) The competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA); or

(c) The synthetic antigen enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (saELISA).

G. "Reactor" means a horse over 9 months old whose blood reacts positively to an approved serological test for equine infectious anemia performed by an approved laboratory.

H. "Secretary" means the Secretary of Agriculture or his designee.

I. "Suspect horse" means a horse showing clinical evidence of equine infectious anemia without confirmation by tests.