15.08.01.12

.12 Minimum Germination Standards.

A. Vegetable.

Kind of Seed Minimum *
Germination
(Percent)
All other kinds 50
Anise 50
Artichoke 60
Asparagus 70
Asparagusbean 75
Basil, sweet 60
Beans, garden 70
Beans, lima 70
Beans, runner 75
Beet 65
Borage 70
Broadbean 75
Broccoli 75
Brussels sprouts 70
Burdock, great 60
Cabbage 75
Caraway 55
Cardoon 60
Carrot 55
Cauliflower 75
Celeriac 55
Celery 55
Chervil 65
Chicory 65
Chives 50
Citron 65
Collards 80
Coriander 70
Corn, pop 75
Corn, sweet 75
Cornsalad (Fetticus) 70
Cowpea 75
Cress (garden)(upland) 60
Cress (water) 40
Cucumber 80
Dandelion 60
Dill 60
Eggplant 60
Endive 70
Fennel, Florence 60
Fennel, sweet 50
Kale 75
Kale, Chinese 75
Kohlrabi 75
Leek 60
Lettuce 80
Marjoram, sweet 50
Muskmelon (cantaloupe) 75
Mustard, India 75
Mustard, spinach 75
Okra 50
Onion 70
Onion, Welsh 70
Oregano 60
Pak-choi 75
Parsley 60
Parsnip 60
Pea 80
Peanut 60
Pepper 55
Pe-tsai or Chinese Cabbage 75
Pumpkin 70
Radish 75
Rhubarb 60
Roquette 60
Rosemary 30
Rutabaga 75
Sage 60
Salsify 75
Savory, summer 55
Sorrel 60
Soybean 75
Spinach (except New Zealand) 60
Spinach (New Zealand) 40
Squash 75
Swiss Chard 65
Thyme 50
Tomato 75
Tomato, husk 50
Turnip 80
Watermelon 70
—————— *(Exclusive of Hard Seed)

B. Flower.

Kind of Seed Minimum *
Germination
(Percent)
All other kinds 50
Achillea (The Pearl) (Achillea ptarmica) 50
African daisy (Dimorphotheca aurantiaca) 55
African violet (Saintpaulia spp.) 30
Ageratum (Ageratum mexicanum) 60
Agrostemma (rose campion) (Agrostemma coronaria) 65
Alyssum (Alyssum compactum, A. maritimum, A. saxatile) 60
Amaranthus (Amaranthus spp.) 65
Anagalis (pimpernel) (Anagalis arvensis, Anagalis coerulea, Anagalis monelli) 60
Anemone (Anemone coronaria, A. pulsatilla) 55
Angel's trumpet (Datura arborea) 60
Arabis (Arabis alpina) 60
Arctotis (Africian lilac daisy) (Arctotis grandis) 45
Armeria (Armeria formosa) 55
Asparagus, fern (Asparagus setaceus) 50
Asparagus, sprenger (Asparagus sprengeri) 55
Aster, China (Callistephus chinensis), except Pompon, Powderpuff, and Princess types 55
Aster, China (Callistephus chinensis), Pompon, Powderpuff, and Princess types 50
Aubrieta (Aubrieta deltoides) 45
Balsam (Impatiens balsamina) 70
Begonia (Begonia fibrous rooted) 60
Begonia (Begonia tuberous rooted) 50
Bells of Ireland (Moluccella laevis) 60
Brachycome (Swan River daisy) (Brachycome iberidifolia) 60
Browallia (Browallia elata and B. speciosa) 65
Buphthalmum (sunwheel) (Buphthalmum salicifolium) 60
Calceolaria (Calceolaria spp.) 60
Calendula (Calendula officinalis) 65
California poppy (Eschscholtzia californica) 60
Calliopsis (Coreopsis bicolor, C. drummondi, C. elegans) 65
Campanula:
    Canterbury bells (Campanula medium) 60
    Cup and Saucer bellflower (Campanula medium calycanthema 60
    Carpathian bellflower(Campanula carpatica) 50
    Peach bellflower (Campanula persicifolia) 50
Candytuft, annual (Iberis amara, I. umbellata) 65
Candytuft, perennial (Iberis gibraltarica, I. sempervirens) 55
Castor bean (Ricinus communis) 60
Cathedral bells (Cobaea scandens) 65
Celosia (Celosia argentea) 65
Centaurea, basket flower:
    (Centaurea americana)
    Dusty Miller (C. candidissima)
    Royal centaurea (C. imperialis)
    Sweet sultan (C. moschata)
    Velvet centaurea (C. gymnocarpa) 60
Cerastium (snow-in-winter) (Cerastium blebersteini and C. tomentosum) 65
Chinese forget-me-not (Cynoglossumamabile) 55
Chrysanthemum, annual (Chrysanthemum carinatum, C. coronarium, C. segetum 50
Cineraria (Senecio cruentus) 60
Clarkia (Clarkia elegans) 65
Cleome (Cleome gigantea) 65
Coleus (Coleus blumeix hybridus) 65
Columbine (Aquilegia spp.) 50
Coral bells (Heuchera sanguinea) 55
Coreopsis, perennial (Coreopsis lanceolata) 40
Corn, ornamental (Zea mays) 75
Cosmos:
   Sensation, Mammoth, and Crested types
   (Cosmos bipinnatus)
   Klondyke type (C. sulphureus)
65
Crossandra (Crossandra infundibuliformis) 50
Dahlia (Dahlia spp.) 55
Daylily (Hemerocallis spp.) 45
Delphinium, perennial:
    Belladonna and Bellamosum types:
      Cardinal larkspur (Delphinium cardinale)
    Chinensis types: Pacific Giant, Gold Medal,
     and other hybrids of D. elatum 55
Dianthus:
    Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus) 60
    China pinks (Dianthus chinesis, Heddewigi, Heddensis) 70
    Grass pink (Dianthus plumarius) 60
    Maiden pinks (Dianthus deltoides) 60
    Sweet William (Dianthus barbatus) 70
    Sweet Wivelsfield (Dianthus allwoodi) 60
Didiscus (blue lace flower) (Didiscus coerulea) 65
Doronicum (leopard's bane) (Doronicum caucasicum) 60
Dracena (Dracaena indivisa) 55
Dragon tree (Dracaena draco) 40
English daisy (Bellis perennis) 55
Flax: 60
   Golden flax (Linum flavum)
   Flowering flax (L. grandiflorum)
   Perennial flax (L. perenne)
Flowering maple (Abutilon) 35
Foxglove (Digitalis spp.) 60
Gaillardia, annual (Gaillardia pulchella, G. picta); perennial (G. grandiflora) 45
Gerbera (Transvaal daisy) (Gerbera jamesoni) 60
Geum (Geum spp.) 55
Gilia (Gilia spp.) 65
Gloriosa daisy (rudbeckia) (Echinaceapurpurea and Rudbeckia hirta) 60
Gloxonia (Sinningia speciosa) 40
Godetia Godetia amoena, G. grandiflora 65
Gourds: yellow-flowered (Cucurbita pepo); white-flowered (Lagenaria siceraria); dishcloth (Luffa aegyptiaca) 70
Gypsophila: annual baby's breath (Gypsophila elegans); perennial baby's breath (G. paniculata, G. pacifica, G. repens) 70
Helenium (Helenium autumnale) 40
Helichrysum (Helichrysum monstrosum) 60
Heliopsis (Heliopsis scabra) 55
Heliotrope (Heliotropium spp.) 35
Helipterum (Acroclinium) (Helipterum roseum) 60
Hesperis (sweet rocket) (Hesperis matronalis) 65
Hollyhock (Althea rosea) *65
Hunnemannia (Mexican tulip poppy) (Hunnemannia fumariifolia) 60
Hyacinth bean (Dolichos lablab) 70
Impatiens (Impatiens wallerana) 55
Ipomoea: cypress vine (Ipomoea quamoclit); moonflower (I. noctifloral) morning glories, cardinal climber, hearts and honey vine (Ipomoea spp.) *75
Jerusalem cross (Maltese cross) (Lychinis chalcedonica) 70
Job's tears (Coix lacryma-jobi) 70
Kochia (Kochia childsi) 55
Larkspur, annual (Delphinium ajacis) 60
Lantana (Lantana camara, L. hybrids) 35
Lilium (regal lily) (Lilium regale) 50
Linaria (Linaria spp.) 65
Lobelia, annual (Lobelia erinus) 65
Lunaria, annual (Lunaria annua) 65
Lupine (Lupinus spp.) *65
Marigold (Tagetes spp.) 65
Marvel of Peru (Mirabilis jalapa) 60
Matricaria (feverfew) (Matricaria spp.) 60
Mignonette (Reseda odorata) 55
Myosotis (Myosotis alpestris, M. oblongata, M. palustris) 50
Nasturtium (Tropaeolum spp.) 60
Nemesia (Nemesia spp.) 65
Nemophila (Nemophila insignis) 70
Nemophila, spotted (Nemophila maculata) 60
Nicotiana (Nicotiana alata, N. sanderae, N. sylvestris) 65
Nierembergia (Nierembergia spp.) 55
Nigella (Nigella damascena) 55
Pansy (Viola tricolor) 60
Penstemon (Penstemon barbatus, P. grandiflorus, P. laevigatus,
P. pupescens)
60
Petunia (Petunia spp.) 45
Phacelia (Phacelia campanularia, P. minor, P. tanacetifolia) 65
Phlox, annual (Phlox drummondi) all types and varieties 55
Physalis (Physalis spp.) 60
Platycodon (ballon flower) (Platycodon grandiflorum) 60
Plumbago, cape (Plumbago capensis) 50
Ponytail (Beaucarnea recurvata) 40
Poppy: Shirley (Papaver rhoeas); Iceland (P. nudicaule); Oriental
(P. orientale); Tulip (P. glaucum)
60
Portulaca (Portulaca grandiflora) 55
Primula (primrose) (Primula spp.) 50
Pyrethrum (painted daisy) (Pyrethrum coccineum) 60
Salpiglossis (Salpiglossis gloxinaeflora, S. sinuata) 60
Salvia: scarlet sage (Salvia splendens), mealycup sage
(blue bedder) (Salvia farinacea)
50
Saponaria (Saponaria ocymoides, S.vaccaria) 60
Scabiosa, annual (Scabiosa atropurpurea) 50
Scabiosa, perennial (Scabiosa caucasica) 40
Schizanthus (Schizanthus spp.) 60
Sensitive plant (mimosa) (mimosa pudica) *65
Shasta daisy (Chrysanthemum maximum, C. leucanthemum) 65
Silk oak (Grevillea robusta) 25
Smilax (Asparagus asparagoides) 25
Snapdragon (Antirrhinum spp.) 55
Solanum (Solanum spp.) 60
Statice (flower heads) (Statice sinuata, S. suworonii) 50
Stocks: common (Matthiola incana); evening scented
(Matthiola bicornis)
65
Sunflower (Helianthus spp.) 70
Sunrose (Helianthemum spp.) 30
Sweet pea, annual and perennial other than dwarf bush
(Lathyrus odoratus, L. latifolius)
*75
Sweet pea, dwarf bush (Lathyrus odoratus) *65
Tahoka daisy (Machaeranthera tanacetifolia) 60
Thunbergia (Thunbergia alata) 60
Torch flower (Tithonia speciosa) 70
Torenia (wishbone flower) (Toreniafournieri) 70
Tritoma (Kniphofia spp.) 65
Verbena, annual (Verbena hybrida) 35
Vinca (Vinca rosea) 60
Viola (Viola cornuta) 55
Virginian stocks (Malcolmia maritima) 65
Wallflower(Cheiranthus allioni) 65
Yucca(Adam's needle) (Yucca filamentosa) 50
Zinnia(except linearis and creeping) (Zinnia angustifolia, Z. elegans, Z. grandiflora, Z. gracillima, Z. haegeana, Z. multiflora, Z. pumilla) 65
Zinnia, linearis and creeping (Zinnia linearis, (Sanvitalia procumbens) 50

——————
*(Including hard seed)

C. Agricultural and Lawn and Turf Seeds.

Kind of Seed Minimum
Germination
(Percent)
Certified Seed
Minimum
Germination
(Percent)
Non-Certified Seed
Alfalfa *80 *53
Barley 85 56
Bentgrass 80 53
Bluegrass, Canada 75 50
Bluegrass, Kentucky 75 50
Bluegrass, wood 75 50
Brome, field 80 53
Brome, smooth 80 53
Broomcorn 80 53
Buckwheat 80 53
Canarygrass 75 50
Clover, alsike *85 *56
Clover, crimson *85 *56
Clover, ladino *85 *56
Clover, red *85 *56
Clover, white *85 *56
Corn, field 90 70
Cowpea 80 53
Crown vetch *65 *43
Fescue, Chewings 80 53
Fescue, meadow 80 53
Fescue, red 80 53
Fescue, tall 80 53
Flax 85 56
Lespedeza, Korean *80 *53
Lespedeza, sericea or Chinese *80 *53
Lespedeza, striate *80 *53
Lovegrass 75 50
Millet, browntop 70 46
Millet, foxtail 70 46
Millet, Japanese 70 46
Millet, pearl 70 46
Oat 85 56
Orchardgrass 80 53
Poa trivialis 75 50
Rape, annual 80 53
Redtop 80 53
Rye 70 40
Ryegrass, annual 80 53
Ryegrass, perennial 80 53
Ryegrass, tetraploid 80 53
Ryegrass, intermediate 80 53
Sorghum 80 53
Sorghum x
  sudangrass hybrid
80 53
Soybean 80 53
Sudangrass 80 53
Sunflower 85 56
Sweet clover *80 53
Timothy 80 53
Tobacco 80 53
Trefoil, birdsfoot *80 *53
Vetch, common *80 *50
Vetch, hairy *80 *53
Wheat 85 56
——————
* (Including Hard Seed)