13A.04.01.01

.01 Requirements for Technology Education Instructional Programs.

A. Each local school system shall offer a technology education program in grades 9—12 which shall enable students to:

(1) Meet graduation requirements; and

(2) Select advanced technology education electives.

B. Maryland Technology Education Program. The comprehensive instructional program shall:

(1) Provide for the diversity of student needs, abilities, and interests in the high school learning years; and

(2) Include the Maryland Technology Education Content Standards in §§C-G of this regulation.

C. The Nature of Technology. Students shall develop an understanding of the nature of technology through:

(1) Its characteristics, scope, and core concepts;

(2) The relationships among technologies; and

(3) The connections between technology and other fields of study.

D. Impacts of Technology. Students shall develop abilities to assess the impacts of technology by:

(1) Identifying its cultural, social, economic, political, and environmental effects; and

(2) Understanding the role of society in the development and use of technology.

E. Engineering Design and Development. Students shall demonstrate knowledge of and apply the engineering design and development process through:

(1) Research and development;

(2) Invention and innovation;

(3) Problem solving; and

(4) Using and maintaining technological products and systems.

F. Core Technologies. Students shall demonstrate knowledge of and skills related to the core technologies (biotechnology, electrical, electronics, fluid, materials, mechanical, optical, structural, and thermal), the building blocks of the designed world, by studying their functions and applying them in common technology systems.

G. The Designed World. Students shall demonstrate knowledge of the major enterprises that produce the goods and services of the designed world, which include:

(1) Medical, agricultural, and biotechnology;

(2) Energy and power;

(3) Information and communication;

(4) Transportation; and

(5) Manufacturing and construction technologies.

H. Maryland Advanced Technology Education Electives. An instructional program that meets the credit requirement specified in COMAR 13A.03.02.04 for advanced technology education in which students in the high school learning years shall develop in-depth skills and understanding related to one or more of the following:

(1) Impacts of technology;

(2) Technological issues; and

(3) Engineering design.

I. Curriculum Documents. Consistent with Education Article, §4-111, Annotated Code of Maryland, each local school system shall provide technology education curriculum documents for the secondary schools under its jurisdiction that:

(1) Include the content standards set forth in §§C—G of this regulation; and

(2) Are aligned with the State Curriculum, as developed by the Maryland State Department of Education in collaboration with local school systems.

J. Student Participation. Each student shall have the opportunity to participate in the technology education program required by this chapter.