A. In this chapter, the following terms have the meanings indicated.
B. Terms Defined.
(1) "Agency" means:
(a) For a traffic control signal operated and maintained at an intersection under the control of the State, the law enforcement agency primarily responsible for traffic control at that intersection; or
(b) For a traffic control signal operated and maintained at an intersection under the control of a political subdivision, a law enforcement agency of the political subdivision that is authorized to issue citations for a violation of the Maryland Vehicle Law or local traffic laws or regulations.
(2) "Approach grade" means the percent grade of the roadway approaching the signal, expressed as:
(a) A positive number for an uphill grade; and
(b) A negative number for a downhill grade.
(3) "Approach speed" means the higher of the 85th percentile speed or the posted speed limit, in miles per hour (mph).
(4) "Average day" means a day representing traffic volumes normally and repeatedly found at a location, typically a weekday when volumes are influenced by employment.
(5) "Deceleration rate" means the rate, expressed in feet per second per second (ft/sec2), required to stop a motor vehicle. Where, on an average day, heavy truck traffic comprises 15 percent or less of the vehicle traffic on the approach, a value of 10.0 ft/sec2 shall be used. Where, on an average day, heavy truck traffic comprises more than 15 percent of the vehicle traffic on the approach, a value of 8.0 ft/sec2 shall be used.
(6) "Eighty fifth percentile speed" means the speed, in miles per hour (mph), at or below which 85 percent of motor vehicles travel when not slowed by a yellow or red signal indication, traffic, weather, or other conditions.
(7) "Heavy truck" means a single unit truck with three or more axles, a tractor-trailer, or a tractor-semitrailer combination.
(8) "Traffic control signal monitoring system" means a device with one or more motor vehicle sensors working in conjunction with a traffic control signal to produce recorded images of motor vehicles entering an intersection against a red signal.
(9) "Yellow change interval" means the length of time (in seconds) that a traffic control signal displays a yellow indication before changing to red.