.02 Definitions.

A. In this subtitle, the following terms have the meanings indicated.

B. Terms Defined.

(1) "Accredited institution of higher education" means a college or university accredited by a national or regional accrediting body recognized by the Council on Post-Secondary Accreditation.

(2) "Applicant" means an individual who has submitted a Board application and paid the application fee for certification or licensure.

(3) "Appraisal" means:

(a) Selecting, administering, scoring, and interpreting instruments designed to assess an individual's aptitudes, attitudes, abilities, achievements, interests, and personal characteristics; and

(b) Using nonstandardized methods and techniques for understanding human behavior in relation to coping with, adapting to, or changing life situations.

(4) "Approved supervisor" means a licensed clinical professional counselor or other health care provider certified or licensed under the Health Occupations Article, Annotated Code of Maryland, as approved by the Board.

(5) "Board" means the State Board of Professional Counselors and Therapists.

(6) "Certificate" means a certificate issued by the Board to practice:

(a) Certified associate counseling—alcohol and drug (CAC—AD);

(b) Certified professional counseling (CPC);

(c) Certified professional counseling—alcohol and drug (CPC—AD);

(d) Certified professional counseling—marriage and family therapy (CPC—MFT); or

(e) Certified supervised counseling—alcohol and drug (CSC—AD).

(7) "Credit hour" means attendance in class for a minimum of 12 hours per semester or 18 hours per quarter, resulting in a grade which is earned, not audited, from an accredited educational institution approved by the Board.

(8) "Counseling" means assisting an individual or group through the counseling relationship to:

(a) Develop an understanding of intrapersonal and interpersonal problems;

(b) Define goals;

(c) Make decisions;

(d) Plan a course of action reflecting the needs, interests, and abilities of the individual, family, or group; and

(e) Use informational and community resources as these procedures are related to personal, social, emotional, educational, and vocational development and adjustment.

(9) "Face-to-face client contact hour" means at least 45 minutes of direct session time with clients present.

(10) "Face-to-face clinical supervision hour" means at least 45 minutes of direct supervision time with the supervisee present.

(11) "License" means a license issued by the Board to practice:

(a) Clinical alcohol and drug counseling (LCADC);

(b) Clinical marriage and family therapy (LCMFT);

(c) Clinical professional counseling (LCPC);

(d) Graduate alcohol and drug counseling;

(e) Graduate marriage and family therapy counseling; or

(f) Graduate professional counseling.

(11-1) "Licensed graduate professional counselor" means an individual approved by the Board to practice graduate professional counseling under the supervision of an approved supervisor while fulfilling the supervised clinical experience for licensure under Health Occupations Article, §17-3A-02(h), Annotated Code of Maryland, and Regulation .05B(2) or (3) of this chapter.

(12) "National Board for Certified Counselors, Inc." means the private testing agency which prepares an examination approved by the Board.

(13) "Nationally recognized certification agency" means a governmental or nongovernmental organization determined by the Board to be:

(a) Nationally recognized as having the expertise to set minimum standards for a particular area of specialization in the practice of professional counseling;

(b) Having a valid, reliable instrument for the evaluation of the training of persons seeking its recognition; and

(c) Having affiliates, certificants, members, or persons whom it officially recognizes as meeting its standards in at least 36 states, and whose members meet specified qualifications.

(14) "Practice clinical professional counseling" means to engage professionally and for compensation in professional counseling and appraisal activities by providing services involving the application of counseling principles and methods in the diagnosis, prevention, treatment, and amelioration of psychological problems, emotional conditions, or mental conditions of individuals or groups.

(15) "Practice of professional counseling" means to engage in counseling and appraisal activities for compensation.

(16) "Professional counselor" means an individual who practices professional counseling.

(17) "Psychotherapy" means providing clinical services which involve:

(a) The professional application of psychotherapy and counseling theories and methods in psychodynamic, cognitive, behavioral, humanistic, or systems theories to assist the client in:

(i) Improving functioning;

(ii) Obtaining symptom relief;

(iii) Preventing psychosocial dysfunction; or

(iv) Changing personality;

(b) Situations in which the principle discourse involves:

(i) Diagnosis of psychopathology based on standard diagnostic criteria;

(ii) Psychotherapeutic treatment of mental disorders, emotional disorders, and adjustment reactions utilizing standard treatment modalities;

(iii) Childhood trauma and abuse;

(iv) Identifying and changing self-defeating patterns of behaving, thinking, feeling, believing, or interacting with others in systems;

(v) Developmental issues;

(vi) Personality development; or

(vii) Problems related to disorders of thinking, emotional suffering, addictions, behavior, or interpersonal dysfunctions; and

(c) Adjunctive psychotherapy areas such as:

(i) Creative arts counseling, such as visual arts, writing, music, texture, dance, movement, and drama;

(ii) Hypnotherapy;

(iii) Play therapy;

(iv) School guidance counseling;

(v) Career counseling;

(vi) Rehabilitation counseling;

(vii) Hospice and grief counseling;

(viii) Assessment and testing;

(ix) Crisis intervention; or

(x) Support therapy services including referral, intake assessment, leadership in self-help groups, supervision, consultation, treatment planning and file notes, or hospital rounds.

(18) "Related field" means a profession using counseling whose academic requirements include degree programs from an accredited college or university that has curricula in areas such as gerontology, human services, marriage and family therapy, mental health, pastoral counseling, psychology, psychotherapy, social work, and other areas approved by the Board.

(19) "Supervised clinical experience in professional counseling" means counseling services conducted under the supervision of an approved supervisor.

(20) "Under the supervision of an approved supervisor" means engaging in an ongoing process of receiving direction from an approved supervisor that includes:

(a) Monitoring the performance of a trainee; and

(b) Documented and direct consultation, guidance, and instruction with respect to clinical skill and competency.

(21) "Workshop" means a meeting or meetings of general sessions and face-to-face groups with a leader, an expert in the defined content area, who imparts information to participants who have an ample opportunity to interact.