A. A dental hygienist may practice dental hygiene under the general supervision of a dentist in a long-term care facility in accordance with this regulation.
B. Initial Appointment. A dental hygienist practicing under the general supervision of a licensed dentist in a long-term care facility and performing an authorized dental hygiene service for a patientís initial appointment shall:
(1) Have a written agreement between the supervising dentist and the dental hygienist that clearly sets forth the terms and conditions under which the dental hygienist may practice, including a statement that the dental hygienist may provide dental hygiene services without the dentist on the premises; and
(2) Ensure that the supervising dentist is available for consultation with the dental hygienist:
(a) In person;
(b) By telephone; or
C. A dental hygienist working under general supervision in a long-term care facility shall:
(1) Consult with the supervising dentist or a treating physician before proceeding with initial treatment if there has been a change in a recall patientís medical history;
(2) Assess the appropriate recall interval based on the individual needs of the patient or as otherwise recommended by the supervising dentist;
(3) Limit dental hygiene tasks and procedures to:
(a) Toothbrush prophylaxis;
(b) Application of fluoride;
(c) Dental hygiene instruction; and
(d) Other duties as may be delegated, verbally or in writing, by the supervising dentist.
D. A dental hygienist shall:
(1) Assess the patientís apparent need for further evaluation by a dentist in order to diagnose the presence of dental disease; and
(2) Submit the findings of the initial assessment to the supervising dentist for a determination of future treatment.
E. A dental hygienist may perform subsequent authorized dental hygiene services without the supervising dentist on the premises only if:
(1) The supervising dentist examines the patient and authorizes in the patientís record a prescription of specific treatment to be provided by the dental hygienist; and
(2) An authorized treatment is provided by the dental hygienist as soon as possible, but no later than 7 months from the date the patient was examined by the supervising dentist.
F. Upon expiration of a prescribed treatment, the supervising dentist is responsible for determining future protocols for the treatment of the patient.
G. Qualifications of a Dental Hygienist. Before a dental hygienist is authorized to practice dental hygiene under general supervision in a long-term care facility, the dental hygienist shall:
(1) Hold an active license to practice dental hygiene in the State;
(2) Hold a current certificate evidencing Health Care Provider Level C Proficiency, or its equivalent, in cardiopulmonary resuscitation;
(3) Have at least 2 years of active clinical practice in direct patient care; and
(4) Ensure that the long-term care facility where the dental hygienist will practice under general supervision has:
(a) A written medical emergency plan in place;
(b) Adequate equipment, including portable equipment and appropriate armamentarium, available for the appropriate delivery of dental hygiene services; and
(c) Adequate safeguards to protect the patientís health and safety.
H. Qualifications of a Dentist. Before a dental hygienist is authorized to practice dental hygiene under general supervision in a long-term care facility, the supervising dentist shall:
(1) Hold an active general license to practice dentistry in the State;
(2) Hold a current certificate evidencing Health Care Provider Level C Proficiency, or its equivalent, in cardiopulmonary resuscitation; and
(3) Have at least 2 years of active clinical practice in direct patient care.
I. This regulation may not be construed to:
(1) Authorize a dental hygienist to practice dental hygiene independent of a supervising dentist;
(2) Prohibit a dentist from being available for personal consultation or on the premises where a dental hygienist is practicing; or
(3) Prohibit a dental hygienist, without the supervision of a dentist, from performing a preliminary dental examination with a subsequent referral to a dentist.
J. Long-term care facilities are not required to obtain a waiver from the Board pursuant to Health Occupations Article, §4-308(e), Annotated Code of Maryland.
K. Before a long-term care facility may allow a dental hygienist to practice dental hygiene, the facility shall report to the Board:
(1) That the facility is operating under general supervision;
(2) The identity of each dental hygienist providing dental hygiene services in the facility; and
(3) The identity of each supervising dentist.