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15.22.02.00.htm 15.22.02.00. Title 15 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Subtitle 22 ORGANICALLY PRODUCED COMMODITIES Chapter 02 Organic Product Standards Authority: Agriculture Article, §10-602 and 10-1402, Annotated Code of Maryland
15.22.02.01.htm 15.22.02.01. 01 Scope.. A. The purpose of these regulations is to establish standards that producers, processors, distributors, and retailers shall follow in order to have products which they have either produced or are handling certified as organic under the Department of Agriculture's organic certification program.B. Producers are required to implement an organic farm plan which concentrates on sustainable farming practices. These practices include the use of cover crops, recycled anima
15.22.02.02.htm 15.22.02.02. 02 Organic Farm Plan.. A producer shall manage a farm in accordance with an organic farm plan that meets the requirements of this subtitle.
15.22.02.03.htm 15.22.02.03. 03 Soil Management.. A. Soil Fertility. A producer shall promote soil fertility.. B. Crop Rotation.. 1) A producer shall rotate all crops, except crops that are:. a) Perennials;. b) Included in a permaculture system;. c) Grown in containers; or. d) Grown on a nonrotating basis as approved by the Department as part of the farm plan.. 2) A producer shall maintain a soil cover during the nonproducing season. The producer may use crop residue, mulch, or green 3) Rotation Plan. A produ
15.22.02.04.htm 15.22.02.04. 04 Soil Amendments and Fertilizers.. A. A producer may use any of the substances or practices in §B of this regulation.. B. A producer shall follow label instructions, when applicable, when using the following substances:. 1) Adjuvants and wetting agents (organic). 2) Animal manures;. 3) Biodynamic preparations;. 4) Blood meal;. 5) Bone meal;. 6) Boron/borax;. 7) Chelates and fritted trace elements;. 8) Composts;. 9) Diatomaceous earth;. 10) Dolomite;. 14) Fish meal;.
15.22.02.05.htm 15.22.02.05. 05 Seeds, Seedlings, and Planting Stock.. A. A producer may grow a crop conventionally on the same farm used to grow a certified product only if the crop grown conventionally is visually different from those crops grown organically.B. A producer shall use plant propagules produced according to the organic standards as provided in this subtitle.C. Seeds and Planting Stock.. 1) General Rule. To the extent feasible, a producer shall use organically produced seeds and plantin
15.22.02.06.htm 15.22.02.06. 06 Irrigation.. A. In areas where irrigation is necessary or desired, a producer shall include in the application for a certification permit and the farm plan an analysis of water quality and soil salinization.B. A producer who irrigates and who is suspected by the Department to have a water-quality or soil-salinization problem shall:1) Retest for water quality or soil salinization, as required by the Department; and. 2) Submit tissue-test results for at least one edi
15.22.02.07.htm 15.22.02.07. 07 Tillage and Weed Control.. A. A producer may use, subject to applicable label instructions:. 1) Timely mechanical or hand cultivation;. 2) Crop rotations and use of smother crops;. 3) Mowing;. 4) Mulches (organic). 5) Practices that prevent introduction of weed seeds into fields, such as mowing borders, cleaning equipment, and use of weed-free inputs;6) Companion cropping or intercropping;. 7) Electrical or flame weeding equipment;. 8) Grazing;. 10) Isolation techniques;.
15.22.02.08.htm 15.22.02.08. 08 Pest and Disease Control.. A. A producer may use the following practices and substances consistent with applicable label instructions:1) Adjuvants and wetting agents (organic). 2) Allelochemics (attractants, deterrents, repellants, locomotor stimulants, and convalescents). 3) Bacillus thuringiensis (B.t.. 4) Beneficial insects, predators, parasites;. 5) Biological pesticides and emulsifiers or synergists;. 5-1) Cryolite;. 6) Cultural practices (timing, environments).
15.22.02.09.htm 15.22.02.09. 09 Buffer Zone.. A. Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, a producer shall maintain at least a 25-foot buffer zone separating land in a farm unit being managed organically from other land.B. A producer may be required by the Department to maintain a buffer zone wider than 25 feet and to take other precautionary measures if the use of the adjacent land presents a threat to the organic status of the farm unit.
15.22.02.10.htm 15.22.02.10. 10 Fertility Testing and Monitoring.. A. The Department may conduct soil and tissue tests at the producer's expense to determine fertility or to evaluate a producer's soil management methods.B. At the producer's expense, the Department may test for heavy metals or other suspected contaminants in the soil and subsoil of any field that receives substantial amounts of manure from off-farm sources.
15.22.02.11.htm 15.22.02.11. 11 Handling and Processing Organic Commodities.. A. A processor, packager, manufacturer, or distributor shall handle organic products in accordance with the approved organic handling plan and shall comply with the requirements of §B―E of this regulation.B. Cleaning and Processing.. 1) A processor, packager, manufacturer, or distributor shall ensure that:. a) Commodities certified by the Department meet all other applicable United States, Maryland, and local government specificat
15.22.02.12.htm 15.22.02.12. 12 Post-Harvest Handling.. A. Upon prior written approval by the Department, a producer, shipper, packer, or other handler of organic products may:1) Apply disinfectants, as specified by the Department, to storage containers and handling equipment; or2) Apply post-harvest sulfur-based fungicides or botanical insecticides.. B. A producer, shipper, packer, or other handler of organic products may not apply to certified products at any point during post-harvest handling, tr
15.22.02.9999.htm 15.22.02.9999. Administrative History Effective date:. Regulations .01―12 adopted as an emergency provision effective May 21, 1991 (18:12 Md. R. 1318) emergency status expired December 1, 1991; adopted permanently effective April 13, 1992 (19:7 Md. R. 746)Regulation .04 amended as an emergency provision effective January 30, 2001 (28:4 Md. R. 415) amended permanently effective May 14, 2001 (28:9 Md. R. 888)Regulation .04C, D adopted as an emergency provision effective May 19, 1995
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