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15.08.03.00.htm 15.08.03.00. Title 15 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Subtitle 08 TURF AND SEED Chapter 03 Seed Certification Authority: Agriculture Article, §9-202, Annotated Code of Maryland
15.08.03.01.htm 15.08.03.01. 01 Purpose.. The purpose of seed certification is to provide a system for maintaining, from the time seed is released by the breeder until it is available to the producer, the genetic purity of seed varieties resulting from natural selection or plant breeding. Maryland shall certify seed for varietal and mechanical purity and germination. The following certification regulations apply to all crops eligible for certification, and include specific regulations for certain crops.
15.08.03.02.htm 15.08.03.02. 02 Definitions.. A. The following terms have the meanings indicated.. B. Terms Defined.. 1) "Breeder seed" means a class of seed directly controlled by the originating or sponsoring plant breeding institution, person, or designee. Breeder seed is the source for the production of seed of all other classes of certified seed. In varietal purity, Breeder seed shall be equal to, or higher than, Foundation seed.2) "Certified seed" means a class of seed that is the progeny of Breeder, F
15.08.03.03.htm 15.08.03.03. 03 Eligibility Requirements for Certification of Varieties.. A. A variety that is approved by any of the following organizations is eligible for certification:. 1) National Variety Review Board. A part of the Association of Official Seed Certifying Agencies that is responsible for determining that a variety merits certification by evaluating information furnished by the applicant.2) Plant Variety Protection Office. A bureau within the U.S. Department of Agriculture that encourag
15.08.03.04.htm 15.08.03.04. 04 Limited Generation System.. A variety may be multiplied only as specified by the originating breeder or owner of the variety, but may not exceed two generations beyond the Foundation seed class, with the following exceptions:A. Recertification of Certified seed may be permitted at the discretion of the certifying agency for varieties when Foundation seed does not exist.B. In an emergency, a person may produce, if approved by the certifying agency before planting, an a
15.08.03.05.htm 15.08.03.05. 05 Source of Seed.. A. Only a field planted with Breeder, Foundation, Registered, or Certified seed is eligible for certification. A certified tag and an analysis tag from each lot planted, and an invoice showing the amount of seed purchased, shall be submitted with the field inspection application. Each field shall be identified by variety and lot number of the seed source used to plant it.B. If the seed source is from the applicant's own production, the seed shal
15.08.03.06.htm 15.08.03.06. 06 Field Inspection Application.. A. Each applicant shall provide the certifying agency with a completed application form. This form is available from the agency. A separate application shall be submitted for each variety and crop. Incomplete applications shall be rejected.B. The applicant shall define clearly the area or units of certification. It may be divided, subject to the requirements of this chapter, for each crop. Each field bounded by a fence or a road is cons
15.08.03.07.htm 15.08.03.07. 07 Field Inspection Procedures.. A. The certifying agency shall make at least one inspection of each field at a time when genetic purity can best be determined. The field shall be in a condition that permits an inspection to determine genetic purity (see certification requirements for each crop as provided by this chapter)B. If a representative of the certifying agency has not inspected the field within 72 hours of anticipated harvest, the grower shall notify the certif
15.08.03.08.htm 15.08.03.08. 08 Handling Certified Seed.. A. Planting, harvesting, storing, and conditioning equipment, including custom equipment, used in the production of Certified seed shall be cleaned thoroughly to prevent contamination. Equipment used in the production of Certified seed classes may be inspected by the certifying agency.B. If Registered and Certified seed of the same variety are stored together, the seed lot shall be tagged as Certified only.C. A person providing con
15.08.03.09.htm 15.08.03.09. 09 Seed Sampling.. A. Bin Sample. Seed for certification that has not been conditioned may be submitted by the applicant. Unconditioned samples shall be hand-screened before being submitted for a laboratory analysis.B. Official Sample. The certifying agency shall collect for laboratory analysis a sample from each lot eligible for certification, as follows:1) Bagged Seed. The seed lot shall be conditioned and bagged before the applicant requests that an official sample be collected.
15.08.03.10.htm 15.08.03.10. 10 Seed Labeling.. A. The following colors of Certified seed tags or labels are used by the agency to identify classes of Certified seed:1) Breeder―white;. 2) Foundation―white;. 3) Registered―purple; and. 4) Certified―blue.. B. Seed advertised for sale or sold as a class of Maryland Certified seed shall have an official Maryland Certified seed tag securely affixed to each bag, before shipment, identifying the kind and variety, lot number, and grower number. For bulk Cert
15.08.03.11.htm 15.08.03.11. 11 Substandard Certified Seed.. The certifying agency may, at its discretion, certify seed which fails to meet certification standards for reasons other than genetic purity. The certification tag or label shall identify the seed as "substandard seed" and shall indicate the reason for which the seed lot failed to meet certification standards. The agency shall only certify varieties protected under Title V of the Federal Seed Act as "substandard seed" The agency may approve small
15.08.03.12.htm 15.08.03.12. 12 Seed-Borne Diseases.. At the time of inspection by the agency, each field containing a crop for which certification is requested may not contain seed-borne diseases in excess of the established tolerances, as provided in this chapter.
15.08.03.13.htm 15.08.03.13. 13 Bulk Certification.. A. Field and seed certification requirements of this chapter that apply to bagged seed shall apply also to bulk seed.B. Under the certification program, only the Certified seed class may be sold as bulk. Recertification of bulk seed is not permitted.C. Small grains or soybeans are eligible for bulk certification.. D. Storage of bulk Certified seed is limited to bins or containers that:. 1) Have openings at the top for loading purposes; and.
15.08.03.13-1.htm 15.08.03.13-1. 13-1 Transfer of Unconditioned Bulk Seed.. A. A bulk seed lot that has been approved by the agency for certification at the field inspection level may be transferred by the owner in bulk only to an agency-approved conditioner for conditioning and for final agency certification.B. A seed owner shall provide the conditioner with a copy of the agency field inspection report for each seed lot.C. Unless the agency gives prior approval, only one transfer is allowed for
15.08.03.14.htm 15.08.03.14. 14 Foundation Seed Production.. Foundation seed production shall meet the following criteria, in addition to those requirements established for each crop (see specific crop regulations provided by this chapter)A. Breeder seed:. 1) May be used to produce Foundation seed;. 2) Shall be produced at Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station farms, unless prior approval has been granted by the certifying agency to produce this seed elsewhere.B. At the agency's discre
15.08.03.15.htm 15.08.03.15. 15 Interagency Certification.. A. The requirements of this chapter apply when the certifying agency participates with an out-of-State agency in the seed certification process.B. The certifying agency may reject any seed lot for out-of-State interagency certification that fails the standards as described in this chapter, including standards relating to:1) Rodent damage;. 2) Insect damage;. 3) Moisture damage;. 4) Excessive disease;. 5) Weed content;. 6) Other crop contaminants;.
15.08.03.16.htm 15.08.03.16. 16 Complying with Federal and State Seed Laws.. The applicant for certification shall maintain seed lot records and comply with all other requirements of federal and Maryland seed laws. When shipping seed interstate, it is the applicant's (shipper's) responsibility to know the receiving or destination state's seed laws. Information concerning federal or out-of-State seed laws is available from the certifying agency.
15.08.03.17.htm 15.08.03.17. 17 Violations.. The Secretary may refuse to certify the seed of an applicant who violates any provision of this chapter.
15.08.03.18.htm 15.08.03.18. 18 Certification Requirements for Specific Crops.. A. Soybean Seed Certification. In addition to the other requirements of this chapter, the following requirements apply to the certification of soybean seed:1) Varieties Per Grower. Not more than two varieties may be produced by each grower, unless permission is granted by the certifying agency. The two varieties grown shall differ in maturity class, pubescence color, or hilum color.2) Land Requirements. Soybeans shall be grown on l
15.08.03.19.htm 15.08.03.19. 19 Fees.. Agency fees for field inspection and tagging of bagged and bulk seed are as follows:. A. Field Inspection.. 1) Small grains, soybean, and red clover:. a) $1.75 an acre;. b) $25 minimum charge for each variety produced;. 2) Hybrid corn ― $3 an acre;. 3) Other crops ― Certification fees for other crops not listed above shall be based upon the actual costs of performing any necessary inspection work;4) Reinspection fee ― $25 for each variety.. B. Late fee ― $20 for eac
15.08.03.9999.htm 15.08.03.9999. Administrative History Effective date: June 30, 1986 (13:13 Md. R. 1494). Regulation .02B amended effective July 1, 1991 (18:10 Md. R. 1117). Regulation .06C amended effective July 1, 1991 (18:10 Md. R. 1117). Regulation .09F amended effective July 1, 1991 (18:10 Md. R. 1117). Regulation .10F amended effective July 1, 1991 (18:10 Md. R. 1117). Regulation .12 amended effective July 1, 1991 (18:10 Md. R. 1117). Regulation .18 amended effective July 1, 1991 (18:10 Md. R. 1117).
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