Skip to Main Content
<< Back | Return to Main COMAR Search Page

45 records match your request.

FileAbstract
11.19.03.00.htm 11.19.03.00. Title 11 DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Subtitle 19 MOTOR VEHICLE ADMINISTRATION ― SCHOOL VEHICLES Chapter 03 Type II School Vehicles ― Construction Standards Authority: Education Article, §7-808; Transportation Article, §11-174, 12-104(b) and 25-110; Annotated Code of Maryland
11.19.03.01.htm 11.19.03.01. 01 Scope.. A. This chapter is intended to provide minimum standards for the design, construction, and equipment of Type II school vehicles manufactured for sale in Maryland and is intended to enhance 49 CFR standards.B. When CFR standards conflict with Maryland standards, CFR standards shall be used to construct Maryland certified school vehicles.
11.19.03.02.htm 11.19.03.02. 02 Incorporation by Reference.. A. In this chapter, the following documents are incorporated by reference.. B. Documents Incorporated.. 1) 49 CFR §393.65 All fuel systems, as amended.. 2) 49 CFR §393.67 Liquid fuel tanks, as amended.. 3) 49 CFR §393.77 Heaters, as amended.. 4) 49 CFR §571.101 Controls and displays, as amended.. 5) 49 CFR §571.102 Transmission shift position sequence, starter interlock, and transmission braking effect, as amended.
11.19.03.03.htm 11.19.03.03. 03 Certification.. A. A manufacturer, distributor, or dealer of Type II school vehicles that are to be sold or distributed in this State shall certify to the Administration that all vehicles they sell or distribute are in full compliance with the provisions of this chapter. The certification shall be:1) In a form prescribed by the Administration;. 2) Filed annually; and. 3) Filed before the introduction of a new model.. B. Supplemental certifications are required before
11.19.03.04.htm 11.19.03.04. 04 Bumpers.. A. A front bumper shall be provided, and shall:. 1) Be painted black;. 2) Extend to protect the outer edges of the fenders;. 3) Be of sufficient strength to permit pushing another vehicle of comparable weight without permanent deformation; and4) Be located at a height of between 14 inches and 18 inches when measured from the bottom edge of the bumper to the level surface on which the unloadB. A rear bumper shall be provided by the body manufacturer and it shall:.
11.19.03.05.htm 11.19.03.05. 05 Brakes.. A. Braking systems may not allow the vehicle to be without operative brakes capable of stopping the vehicle when loaded to manufacturers gross vehicle weight at any legal road speed.B. Brake lines shall be:. 1) Protected from excessive heat and vibration by means of a heat shield, if necessary; and. 2) Installed to prevent chafing, cutting, or stretching.. C. Brake drums and rotors shall be permanently and plainly marked to clearly indicate, in legible ca
11.19.03.06.htm 11.19.03.06. 06 Drive Train.. A. Axles.. 1) The front axle and suspension shall be of sufficient capacity to support that portion of the load as would be imposed by the manufacturer's maximum gross vehicle weight rating.2) The rear suspension assembly shall have a gross weight rating equal to that portion of the load as would be imposed by the manufacturer's maximum gross vehicle weight rating.B. Drive Shaft. Each segment of the drive shaft shall be equipped with a suitable guard to prevent a
11.19.03.07.htm 11.19.03.07. 07 Electrical (Chassis Wiring). A. Alternator. The alternator with rectifier shall have an operational rating capable of supplying sufficient electrical power to maintain a fully charged storage battery with all electrical equipment, except the horn, hydraulic lift, and engine starting motor, operating simultaneously while the vehicle is running normally.B. Battery.. 1) The battery shall:. a) Be of sufficient capacity to supply all electrical requirements; and.
11.19.03.08.htm 11.19.03.08. 08 Exhaust System.. A. The exhaust system shall include the:. 1) Exhaust manifold and gaskets; and. 2) Piping leading from the flange of the exhaust manifold to and including the muffler or mufflers and exhaust pipes.B. The exhaust system may not extend into the body and shall be attached to the chassis.. C. Exhaust Pipes:. 1) Shall be of nonflexible 16-gauge steel. An Original Equipment Manufacture flexible pipe or its equivalent not longer than 24 inches in length may b
11.19.03.09.htm 11.19.03.09. 09 Frame.. A. The chassis frame, for a body on chassis type vehicles, shall extend to the rear edge of the rear body cross member.B. The body shall be attached to the chassis frame in such a manner as to minimize shifting of the body from the chassis under severe impact.C. Alterations.. 1) Alterations in the length of the frame may be made only behind the rear hangers of the rear springs or forward of the front hangers of the front springs, or both, and may n
11.19.03.10.htm 11.19.03.10. 10 Fuel System and Tank.. A. Fuel Tank. The fuel tank shall:. 1) Have a minimum capacity of 22 gallons;. 2) Be filled and vented entirely outside the body; and. 3) Have a fill opening located so that accidental fuel spillage will not drip or drain to any part of the exhaust system.B. A fuel filter with replaceable element shall be installed between the fuel tank and the engine fuC. The fuel lines shall be mounted to obtain maximum possible protection from the chassis frame..
11.19.03.11.htm 11.19.03.11. 11 Instruments.. A. A type II school vehicle shall be equipped with, at a minimum, the following nonglare illuminated instruments and gauges:1) Ammeter or voltmeter with charge or discharge indication;. 2) Fuel gauge;. 3) Odometer capable of registering mileage in tenths of a mile;. 4) Oil pressure gauge;. 5) Speedometer;. 6) Upper beam headlamp indicator; and. 7) Water temperature gauge.. B. These instruments and gauges shall be:.
11.19.03.12.htm 11.19.03.12. 12 Steering System.. A. Steering gear shall be approved by the chassis manufacturer and designed to ensure safe and accurate performance when a vehicle is operated with a maximum load at maximum speed.B. The steering adjustment mechanism shall be accessible to perform required external adjustments.. C. Only changes approved by the chassis manufacturer may be made in the steering apparatus.. D. The steering system design shall provide for lubrication of wear points, if necessary..
11.19.03.13.htm 11.19.03.13. 13 Suspension (Springs and Shocks). A. Springs and Suspension Assemblies. Springs and suspension assemblies shall be:. 1) Of ample resiliency under all load conditions;. 2) Able to sustain the loaded vehicle without evidence of overload; and. 3) Designated to carry their proportional share of gross vehicle weight.. B. Rear Springs. Rear springs shall be of a progressive type.. C. Front Springs. If leaf-type front springs are used, the stationary eyes shall be protected by a f
11.19.03.14.htm 11.19.03.14. 14 Tires and Rims.. A. Tires and rims of proper size and tires with load range commensurate with the chassis manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating shall be provided.B. If the vehicle is equipped with a spare tire and rim, they shall be of the same size as those mounted on the vehicle, and shall be mounted outside the passenger compartment under the vehicle.
11.19.03.15.htm 11.19.03.15. 15 Alternating Flashing Lights.. A. Warning Lights. A bus shall be equipped with four red flashing warning lights and four amber flashing warning lights that conform to the same requirements except as to:1) Color; and. 2) Candlepower which shall be at least 2-1/2 times that specified for red flashing warning lights.. B. Installation. Both red and amber flashing warning lights shall:. 1) Be installed so that each amber flashing warning light shall be located near each red flashing wa
11.19.03.16.htm 11.19.03.16. 16 Flashing White Strobe Light.. A. A school vehicle may be equipped with a flashing white strobe light on the roof of the vehicle.. B. The flashing white strobe light:. 1) Shall be installed on the roof in a position not further than 1/3 of the body length forward from the rear edge of the roof;2) Shall have a single clear lens emitting light 360 degrees around its vertical axis;. 3) May not extend above the roof more than the maximum legal vehicle height, as set forth in Transpo
11.19.03.17.htm 11.19.03.17. 17 Body Construction.. A. The body shall be constructed of fire-resistant material and the materials used inside the passenger compartment.B. The body shall be reasonably dustproof, gasproof, weathertight, and fume proof, and openings between the chassis and passenger compartment, where applicable, shall be sealed to prevent fumes or gases from entering the vehicle body.C. The body manufacturer shall indicate in a permanent and readily visible location on the body the
11.19.03.18.htm 11.19.03.18. 18 Book Racks.. Book racks may not be installed in Type II school vehicles..
11.19.03.19.htm 11.19.03.19. 19 Color and Identification (Lettering). A. Color.. 1) The school bus body, including the cowl, hood, and fenders shall be painted a uniform color, National School Bus Yellow. If the window pilasters are visible after the window is installed they also shall be painted National School Bus Yellow. A chrome or manufacturer's gray grill is acceptable and the roof may be painted white. The white painted area may not extend below the top of the marker lights on the sides of the
11.19.03.20.htm 11.19.03.20. 20 Electrical ― Lamps, Signals, Reflectors, and Fuses.. A. Tail and Stop (Brake) Lamps. Two tail and stop lamps having an illuminated area of not less than 19 square inches shall be mounted on the rear of the vehicle at a height not less than 15 inches and not more than 72 inches above the surface on which the unloaded vehicle rests and shall be positioned as far apart as practicable.B. Turn Signal Lamps.. 1) Turn signal lamps may be independent units and shall be equipped with a
11.19.03.21.htm 11.19.03.21. 21 Ignition Lock.. A lock key or other device to prevent the vehicle from being set in motion or its engine started by an unauthorized individual, or otherwise contrary to the will of the owner or individual in charge of the vehicle, shall be provided.
11.19.03.22.htm 11.19.03.22. 22 Horns.. A suitable horn or horns providing an audible warning to other highway users at a distance of 300 feet shall be conveniently controlled from the driver's seated position.
11.19.03.23.htm 11.19.03.23. 23 Back-Up Warning Alarm.. An automatic non-variable audible alarm activated when the vehicle is in reverse shall be installed behind the rear axle and be at least 97 decibels.
11.19.03.24.htm 11.19.03.24. 24 Emergency Equipment.. A. Fire Extinguisher. The vehicle shall be equipped with at least one 5-pound capacity, pressurized, dry chemical fire extinguisher complete with hose. The extinguisher shall:1) Be mounted in a bracket located below the window line in the driver's compartment and shall be readily accessible;2) Be equipped with a pressure gauge mounted on the extinguisher so as to be easily read without moving the extinguisher from its mounted position;
11.19.03.25.htm 11.19.03.25. 25 Flooring and Floor Covering.. A. Underseat Areas. The floor in underseat areas, including the top and side of the wheelhousing, driver's compartment, and toe board, shall be covered with fire-resistant rubber or equivalent floor covering having a minimum overall thickness of 0.125 inch. A molded floor cover over wheel housings is acceptable.B. Aisle and Step Areas.. 1) Floor covering in the aisle and steps shall be one continuous piece of fire resistant, nonskid, w
11.19.03.26.htm 11.19.03.26. 26 Interior Heaters.. A. Heaters shall be of a hot water type.. B. The heating system shall be capable of maintaining a temperature of not less than 50°F throughout the vehicle at the average minimum January temperature established by the National Weather Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, for the area in which the vehicle is to be operated.C. Heaters shall bear a name plate attached by the manufacturer which shall indicate the heater rati
11.19.03.27.htm 11.19.03.27. 27 Repealed..
11.19.03.28.htm 11.19.03.28. 28 Mirrors.. A. An interior clear view mirror shall be at least 5 by 15 inches to afford a good view of the passengers and the roadway to the rear. If it is not metal backed and framed, the mirror shall be made of laminated safety glass. It shall have rounded corners and protected edges.B. Two adjustable exterior, clear view mirrors, framed with black housing, shall be installed on each side of the vehicle.C. Fender-Mounted Mirrors..
11.19.03.29.htm 11.19.03.29. 29 Seats, Crash Barriers, and Interior.. A. Passenger Seats.. 1) The minimum clearance of all aisles, including the aisle or passageway between seats leading to the emergency door, shall be 12 inches.2) The forward-most seat on the right side of the vehicle shall be located so as not to interfere with the operator's vision and may not be farther forward than the rear of the operator's seat when adjusted to its rearmost position.3) The backs of seats of similar size shall be of
11.19.03.30.htm 11.19.03.30. 30 Service Door.. A. The service door shall:. 1) Be located on the right side near the front in a location which shall provide the seated driver an unobstructed view of the entrance;2) Have a minimum horizontal opening of 24 inches and a minimum vertical opening of 50 inches;. 3) Have a head pad, minimum of 1 inch by 4 inches of foam rubber, on the interior of the vehicle to extend the width of the door opening;4) Be of the jackknife, accordion, or split type;.
11.19.03.31.htm 11.19.03.31. 31 Emergency Door.. A. Emergency exits shall be in accordance with the requirements of 49 CFR §571.217, with the following additions:1) The rearmost seats shall be spaced to provide an unobstructed exit; and. 2) The words "Emergency Door" shall be 2 inches high by 3/8 inch wide black lettering and shall be applied above the door and emergency push-out windows on the inside and outside of the vehicle. If the outside areas above the door or the upper door window are not large enoug
11.19.03.32.htm 11.19.03.32. 32 Emergency Exit Windows.. A. An automatically operated distinctive audible signal shall clearly indicate to the seated driver, when the engine is running, that an emergency window has been unlatched. A cut-off switch except through the ignition switch may not be installed in the circuit.B. Operating Instructions.. 1) Concise operating instructions describing the motions necessary to unlatch and open the emergencya) Of a color that contrasts with the letters' background; and.
11.19.03.33.htm 11.19.03.33. 33 Roof Vent/Emergency Exit.. At least one roof vent/emergency exit shall be installed and be:. A. Adjustable;. B. Equipped with a release handle inside and outside to permit the ventilator cover to hinge open for emergency exit;C. Labeled "Emergency Exit" followed by precise operating instructions; and. D. Equipped with a distinctive audible alarm, if a roof vent..
11.19.03.34.htm 11.19.03.34. 34 Stop Signal Arm.. A second stop signal arm may be installed on the left outside of the body and shall be installed as close as practicable to the rear of the bus.
11.19.03.35.htm 11.19.03.35. 35 Crossing Arm.. A. A crossing arm may be installed on the far right of the front bumper. The crossing arm:. 1) Shall be securely bolt-mounted;. 2) Shall be easily removable for towing;. 3) Shall be activated simultaneously with the stop arm;. 4) May not open more than 90 degrees;. 5) Shall extend a minimum of 66 inches from the front of the bumper when activated;. 6) May not have sharp edges or projections which may cause injury to students; and.
11.19.03.36.htm 11.19.03.36. 36 Undercoating.. A. The entire underside of the vehicle body and front fenders, including floor members and side panels below floor level, shall be coated with a fire resistant asphalt based or rubber based undercoating material applied by spray method at least 1/8 inch thick in order to seal, deaden sound, insulate, and prevent oxidation.B. Fiberglass construction is exempt from undercoating requirements..
11.19.03.37.htm 11.19.03.37. 37 Wheel Housing.. A. The wheel housing opening shall allow for easy tire removal and service.. B. The wheel housing shall be attached to the floor sheets in such a manner as to prevent dust, water, or fumes from entering the body.C. The inside height of the wheel housing above the floor line may not exceed 10 inches.. D. The wheel housing shall provide clearance for the installation and use of tire chains on single and dual, if so equipped, power driving wheels.
11.19.03.38.htm 11.19.03.38. 38 Windshields, Windows, Wipers, and Washers.. A. Safety Glass. Glass shall be installed so that the identification mark is legible.. B. Windshields. The windshield shall:. 1) Be large enough to permit the operator to see the highway clearly;. 2) Be slanted to reduce glare; and. 3) Be installed between front corner posts that are so designed and located as to afford a minimum of obstruction to the operator's view of the highway.C. Stirrup Steps. There may be at least one foldin
11.19.03.39.htm 11.19.03.39. 39 Video Cameras.. A video camera system may be installed if the system is:. A. Approved by the Administration;. B. Installed securely in an area of the vehicle with no sharp edges;. C. Located in an area not likely to cause student injury; and. D. Outside the federal head impact zone, as defined in 49 CFR §571.222..
11.19.03.40.htm 11.19.03.40. 40 Safety Detection Systems.. A. A safety detection system approved by the Federal Communications Commission may be installed to warn bus drivers of moving objects such as children within areas around a school vehicle considered to be most dangerous, if the system:1) Is designed to monitor and warn school bus drivers of moving objects during loading and unloading;2) Operates automatically;. 3) Is activated by extending the stop arm; and. 4) Has audible and visual alarms..
11.19.03.41.htm 11.19.03.41. 41 Air Conditioning Systems.. A. Air conditioning systems may be installed in school vehicles if:. 1) The systems are approved by the Administration;. 2) The agency and personnel installing the systems have been certified by the air conditioning manufacturer;3) There are no sharp edges or protrusions that could injure students;. 4) The total vehicle battery capacity is of sufficient amperes to supply all electrical requirements;
11.19.03.42.htm 11.19.03.42. 42 Air Cleaners.. The engine intake air cleaner shall be furnished and properly installed by the chassis manufacturer to meet engine specifications.
11.19.03.43.htm 11.19.03.43. 43 Child Reminder System.. A child reminder system approved by the Administration may be installed. The deactivating switch shall be located on the inside rear-most portion of the bus.
11.19.03.9999.htm 11.19.03.9999. Administrative History Effective date: April 17, 1981 (8:8 Md. R. 722). Regulation .01 amended as an emergency provision effective July 24, 1981 (8:15 Md. R. 1300) adopted permanently effective October 26, 1981 (8:21 Md. R. 1709)Regulations .01―02, .04, .06―11, .13, .15―18, .20―24, .26, .29―33, .35, .36, .40, .42―46, .49―52, .54, .55, and .58 amended effective June 3, 1985 (12:11 Md. R. 1050) ―Regulations .01―58 repealed and new Regulations .01―42 adopted effective Ap
<< Back | Return to Main COMAR Search Page