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11.19.02.00.htm 11.19.02.00. Title 11 DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Subtitle 19 MOTOR VEHICLE ADMINISTRATION ― SCHOOL VEHICLES Chapter 02 Type I School Vehicles ― Construction Standards Authority: Education Article, §7-808; Transportation Article, §11-173, 12-104(b) and 25-110; Annotated Code of Maryland
11.19.02.01.htm 11.19.02.01. 01 Scope.. This chapter is intended to provide minimum standards for the design, construction, and equipment of Type I school vehicles manufactured for sale in Maryland. These regulations are intended to enhance 49 CFR standards. When CFR standards supersede Maryland standards, CFR standards are to be used to construct Maryland-certified school vehicles.
11.19.02.01-1.htm 11.19.02.01-1. 01-1 Incorporation by Reference.. A. In this chapter, the following documents are incorporated by reference.. B. Documents Incorporated.. 1) 49 CFR §393.65 All fuel systems, as amended.. 2) 49 CFR §393.67 Liquid fuel tanks, as amended.. 3) 49 CFR §393.77 Heaters, as amended.. 4) 49 CFR §571.101 Controls and displays, as amended.. 5) 49 CFR §571.102 Transmission shift position sequence, starter interlock, and transmission braking effect, as amended.
11.19.02.02.htm 11.19.02.02. 02 Certification.. A. The Administration may not title or register any school vehicle manufactured on or after December 31, 1972, unless the manufacturer has on file at the Administration a certification that the vehicles are in full compliance with the regulations applicable to school vehicles manufactured after December 31, 1972. This certification shall be in a form prescribed by the Administration.B. Each vehicle manufacturer or distributor of vehicles of a type subject t
11.19.02.03.htm 11.19.02.03. 03 Bumpers.. A. The front bumper shall be of heavy duty steel channel, or equivalent, at least 3/16-inch thickness and not less than a 9-inch face, painted black, and shall extend around the outer edges of the fender. Bumper and bumper supports shall be of sufficient strength to permit towing or pushing by another vehicle without damage. The front bumper shall be furnished by the manufacturer.B. The rear bumper shall be of 3/16-inch pressed steel channel, or equivale
11.19.02.04.htm 11.19.02.04. 04 Brakes ― General, Hydraulic, Air Brake.. A. General. The brake system:. 1) Shall be designed and constructed so that a single failure anywhere in the brake system, except for mechanical parts of the wheel brake assemblies, the brake pedal, and the brake pedal attachment to the brake valves or the master cylinder, does not leave the vehicle without brakes; and2) May not allow the vehicle to be without operative brakes capable of stopping the vehicle when loa
11.19.02.05.htm 11.19.02.05. 05 Drive Train.. A. Axles.. 1) The front and rear axles, including suspension assemblies, shall have a gross axle weight rating at least equal to that portion of the load as would be imposed by the chassis manufacturer's maximum gross vehicle weight rating.2) The rear axle shall be of the full-floating type. The rear suspension assembly shall have a gross weight rating at ground equal to or exceeding that portion of the total load as would be imposed by the manufacturer's maxim
11.19.02.06.htm 11.19.02.06. 06 Electrical (Chassis Wiring). A. The chassis wiring system shall be of sufficient capacity to meet the electrical demand of the vehicle. Chassis and body wiring shall be protected with circuit breakers or field effect transistors.B. Battery or Batteries.. 1) The storage battery or batteries shall:. a) Be furnished by the chassis manufacturer;. b) Be of sufficient capacity to supply all electrical requirements; and.
11.19.02.07.htm 11.19.02.07. 07 Exhaust System.. A. The exhaust system shall include the:. 1) Exhaust manifold and gaskets; and. 2) Piping leading from the flange of the exhaust manifold, to and including the muffler or mufflers and exhaust pipes.B. The system may not extend into the body and shall be attached to the chassis.. C. Exhaust Pipes.. 1) The exhaust pipe shall be of nonflexible 16-gauge steel. An Original Equipment Manufacture flexible pipe or its equivalent not longer than 24 inche
11.19.02.08.htm 11.19.02.08. 08Fenders and Hood (Chassis Sheet Metal). A. The total width of outer edges of front fenders, measured at the fender line, shall exceed the total width of front tires when wheels are in a straight ahead position.B. Front fenders shall be properly braced and free from body attachments.. C. The chassis manufacturer shall provide a metal or fiberglass fender extension or flap to extend downward to the lowest edge of body.D. Openings in the floorboard or firewall between
11.19.02.09.htm 11.19.02.09. 09 Frame.. A. The frame or its equivalent shall be of such design as to correspond at least to the standard practice for trucks of the same general load characteristics which are used for severe service.B. The chassis frame shall extend at least to the rear edge of the rear body cross-member. Alteration in the length of the frame shall be made only behind the rear hangers of the rear springs and may not be for the purpose of extending the wheel base. Any alterations to the
11.19.02.10.htm 11.19.02.10. 10 Fuel System.. A. The fuel tank shall have a minimum capacity of 30 gallons and be on the right hand side of the chassis rail or between frame rails.B. Vehicles with wheelchair lifts located forward of the rear wheels may have the fuel tank in the rear between frame rails or on the left side of the frame rails.C. The tank shall be equipped with adequate baffles.. D. A drain plug of at least 1/4 inch diameter shall be located in the center of the bottom of the tank.
11.19.02.11.htm 11.19.02.11. 11 Instruments.. Instruments and gauges shall be mounted on the instrument panel in such a manner that each is clearly visible to the driver while the driver is in a normal seated position.
11.19.02.12.htm 11.19.02.12. 12 Steering System.. A. Steering gear shall be approved by the chassis manufacturer and designed to assure safe and accurate performance when a vehicle is operated with maximum load at maximum speed.B. If external adjustments are required, a steering adjustment mechanism shall be accessible.. C. Changes may not be made in steering apparatus which are not approved by chassis manufacturer.. D. There shall be a clearance of at least 2 inches between the steering whe
11.19.02.13.htm 11.19.02.13. 13 Suspension (Springs and Shocks). A. Springs.. 1) The springs or suspension assemblies shall be of ample resiliency under all load conditions and of adequate strength to sustain the loaded vehicle without evidence of overload.2) Springs or suspension assemblies shall be designed to carry their proportional share of gross vehicle weight.3) If rear springs are used, they shall be of a progressive type.. 4) If leaf type front springs are used, the stationary eyes shall be protec
11.19.02.14.htm 11.19.02.14. 14 Tires (Wheels and Rims). A. New tires of proper size and ply rating commensurate with the chassis manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating shall be provided. All tires on any given vehicle shall be the same size and ply rating.B. Dual rear wheels and tires shall be provided on all vehicles.. C. If the vehicle is equipped with a spare tire and rim, they shall be of the same size as those mounted on the vehicle, and if the tire carrier is specified, it shall be moun
11.19.02.15.htm 11.19.02.15. 15 Traction-Assisting Devices, if Specified.. A. Automatic chains may be installed.. B. Sanders, when required or used, shall:. 1) Be of the hopper cartridge valve type;. 2) Have a metal hopper with all interior surfaces treated to prevent condensation of moisture;. 3) Be of at least 100-pound (grit) capacity and refillable from the exterior of the vehicle only;. 4) Have a cover on the filler opening of the hopper, which screws into place, sealing the unit air tight;
11.19.02.16.htm 11.19.02.16. 16 Alternating Flashing Lights.. A. Buses shall be equipped with a system consisting of four red flashing warning lights and four amber flashing warning lights.B. Shields are required over the warning lights except those equipped by the manufacturer with halogen or L.E.D. (Light Emitting Diodes) The shields may be of a single type to cover both the red and amber lights and shall be painted black, with a minimum depth of 4 inches.C. There shall be a red and amber pilot light whic
11.19.02.16-1.htm 11.19.02.16-1. 16-1 Flashing White Strobe Light.. A. A school vehicle may be equipped with a flashing white strobe light on the roof of the vehicle.. B. The flashing white strobe light:. 1) Shall be installed on the roof in a position not further than 1/3 of the body length forward from the rear edge of the roof;2) Shall have a single clear lens emitting light 360 degrees around its vertical axis;. 3) May not extend above the roof more than the maximum legal vehicle height
11.19.02.17.htm 11.19.02.17. 17 Body Construction ― External.. A. External structural construction shall be of rust resistant, zinc coated, prime commercial cold rolled quality steel, or a material with the strength at least equivalent to steel, and shall be fire resistant. The following apply:1) Metal parts that will be painted shall be chemically cleaned, etched, zinc phosphate coated, and zinc chromate or epoxy primed or conditioned by equivalent process;2) Particular attention shall be given to lapped s
11.19.02.18.htm 11.19.02.18. 18 Body Construction ― Internal.. A. Floor.. 1) The floor shall be of prime commercial quality steel of at least 14 gauge or other metal at least equal in strength to 14 gauge prime commercial quality steel.2) The floor shall be flat from front to back and from side to side, except in wheel housing, toe board, driver's seat platform, and fuel fill locations.3) Humps in the floor may not have sharp corners and shall be located in areas that will not impede 4) Flat floor vehicles ma
11.19.02.19.htm 11.19.02.19. 19 Book Racks.. Book racks may be installed on residential special education vehicles only. They shall be installed above the side windows from the front cross seat to the rear transverse seat, except across or above the emergency door. Book racks shall be padded with the same material and padding used for seat backs. The padding shall be of sufficient thickness to prevent impact injuries and shall cover the edges and entire area of the lower surface of the book rack.
11.19.02.20.htm 11.19.02.20. 20 Color and Identification (Lettering). A. Color.. 1) The school bus body, including the hood, cowl, the area above and below the School Bus lettering on the front and rear header, and fenders shall be painted a uniform color, National School Bus Yellow. If the window pilasters are visible after the window is installed they shall also be painted National School Bus Yellow. A chrome or manufacturer's grey grill is acceptable and the roof may be painted white. The front and
11.19.02.21.htm 11.19.02.21. 21 Electrical (Body) ― Lamps, Signals, Reflectors, and Fuses.. A. Tail and Stop (Brake) Lamps.. 1) Vehicles shall be equipped with four combination red stop/tail lamps. Two combination lamps with a minimum diameter of 7 inches or, if a shape other than round, a minimum 38 square inches of illustrated area shall be mounted on the rear of the vehicle just inside the turn signal.2) Two combination lamps with a minimum diameter of 4 inches or, if shaped other than round, a minim
11.19.02.22.htm 11.19.02.22. 22 Ignition Lock.. A lock, key, or other device to prevent the vehicle from being set in motion or its engine started by unauthorized persons, or otherwise contrary to the will of the owner or person in charge of the vehicle, shall be provided.
11.19.02.23.htm 11.19.02.23. 23 Horns.. A. The bus shall be equipped with a minimum of two horns of standard make, each horn capable of producing complex sound in a band of audio frequencies between approximately 250 and 2,000 hertz and having a total sound level of 110 decibels within these frequency limits when measured at a point on an axis of the horn 3 feet from the exit of the horn.B. The horns shall be audible to other highway users at a distance of 300 feet.. C. If louder horns are de
11.19.02.24.htm 11.19.02.24. 24 Backup Warning Alarm.. An automatic non-variable audible alarm shall be installed behind the rear axle and be at least 97 decibels.
11.19.02.25.htm 11.19.02.25. 25 Emergency Equipment.. A. Fire Extinguisher.. 1) The vehicle shall be equipped with at least one 5-pound capacity pressurized, dry chemical fire extinguisher complete with hose.2) The extinguisher shall be mounted in a bracket located below the window line in the driver's compartment and shall be readily accessible.3) A pressure gauge shall be mounted on the extinguisher so as to be easily read without moving the extinguisher from its mounted position.4) The fire extinguisher
11.19.02.26.htm 11.19.02.26. 26 Flooring and Floor Covering.. A. The floor in the underseat area, including the top and side of the wheel housing, driver's compartment, and toe board shall be covered with fire-resistant rubber or equivalent floor covering having a minimum overall thickness of 0.125 inch. A molded floor cover over wheel housings is acceptable.B. Floor covering in the aisle and steps shall be one continuous piece of fire-resistant, nonskid, wear-resistant, rubber. The minimum overall thickne
11.19.02.27.htm 11.19.02.27. 27 Heaters.. A. Heaters shall be of hot water type.. B. If only one heater is used, it shall be of fresh air or combination fresh air and recirculating type.C. If more than one heater is used, additional heaters may be of recirculating air type.. D. The heating system shall be capable of maintaining throughout the bus a temperature of not less than 50°F at average minimum January temperature as established by the National Weather Service, National Oceanic and Atmosphe
11.19.02.28.htm 11.19.02.28. 28 Defogger, Auxiliary.. One 6-inch auxiliary top mount fan shall be installed for window defogging. This fan is not to be considered a defroster.
11.19.02.29.htm 11.19.02.29. 29 Mirrors.. A. An interior clear view mirror shall be at least 6 by 30 inches to afford a good view of the passengers and the roadway to the rear. If it is not metal backed and framed, the mirror shall be laminated safety glass. It shall have rounded corners and protected edges.B. Two adjustable exterior, clear view mirrors, with black housing, shall be installed on each side of the vehicle.C. Fender-Mounted Mirrors..
11.19.02.30.htm 11.19.02.30. 30 Seat Belt for Driver.. A single locking retractor type, with the latch on the right side and at seat cushion height, or a double locking retractor type seat belt shall be provided for the driver.
11.19.02.31.htm 11.19.02.31. 31 Seats, Crash Barriers, and Interior.. A. Passenger Seats.. 1) The minimum clearance of all aisles, including the aisle or passageway between seats leading to the emergency door, shall be 12 inches.2) The forward-most seat on the right side of the vehicle shall be located so as not to interfere with the operator's vision and may not be farther forward than the rear of the operator's seat when adjusted to its rearmost position.3) A minimum of 36 inches of headroom for the sitt
11.19.02.32.htm 11.19.02.32. 32 Service Doors, Emergency Windows, Doors, and Exits.. A. Service Door.. 1) The service door shall be:. a) Located on the right side near the front, convenient to the seated operator's unobstructed vision. The entrance shall have a minimum horizontal opening of 24 inches and a minimum vertical opening of 68 inches.b) Manually or power operated by the seated operator and designed to afford easy release and prevent accidental opening. Parts of the hand lever may n
11.19.02.33.htm 11.19.02.33. 33 Step-Well Service Door.. A. The step risers shall be approximately equal in height with the upper riser not more than 15 inches in height.B. The surface of steps shall be completely covered with a nonskid material having 1-1/2 inch white nosing, fire-resistant, nonskid wear-resistant, and rubber step treads, which shall have a minimum overall thickness of 0.1875 inch.C. The steps shall be enclosed to prevent accumulation of ice and snow and may not protrude beyond t
11.19.02.34.htm 11.19.02.34. 34 Stop Signal Arm.. A second stop signal arm may be installed on the left outside of the body and shall be installed as close as practicable to the rear of the bus.
11.19.02.34-1.htm 11.19.02.34-1. 34-1 Crossing Arm.. A. A crossing arm may be installed on the far right of the front bumper. The crossing arm:. 1) Shall be securely bolt-mounted;. 2) Shall be easily removable for towing;. 3) Shall be activated simultaneously with the stop arm;. 4) May not open more than 90 degrees;. 5) Shall extend a minimum of 66 inches from the front of the bumper when activated;. 6) May not have sharp edges or projections which may cause injury to students; and.
11.19.02.35.htm 11.19.02.35. 35 Undercoating.. The entire underside of the vehicle body and front fenders, including floor members and side panels below floor level, shall be coated with a fire-resistant undercoating material applied by spray method at least 1/8-inch thick in order to seal, deaden sound, insulate, and prevent oxidation. Fiberglass construction is exempt from undercoating requirements.
11.19.02.36.htm 11.19.02.36. 36 Wheel Housing.. A. The body shall provide coverage of the two dual rear wheels and tires or be equipped with suitable protectors of metal or substantial flexible extensions. When extensions are provided, they shall meet the requirements of COMAR 11.14.04.10.B. The wheel housing opening shall allow for easy tire removal and service. Rear wheel housing shall be shielded with a metal splash guard on the front and rear of rear wheel wells.C. The wheel housings shall:.
11.19.02.37.htm 11.19.02.37. 37 Windshields, Windows, Wipers, and Washers.. A. Safety Glass. Glass shall be installed so that the identification mark is legible.. B. Windshields. The glass in the windshield shall have a horizontal gradient band starting slightly above the line of the operator's vision and gradually decreasing in light transmission to 20 percent or less at the top of the windshield.C. Stirrup Steps. There shall be at least one folding stirrup step or recessed foothold and suitably
11.19.02.38.htm 11.19.02.38. 38 Vehicles for Transporting Special Needs Children.. A. Vehicles constructed for transporting special needs children shall comply with minimum standards for school vehicles, but because of the use of specialized equipment, certain modifications in these minimum standards may be made.B. Special Service Doors.. 1) A special single door opening, if provided, shall be located on the right side of the vehicle, far enough to the rear to prevent the open door from obstructing the front ri
11.19.02.39.htm 11.19.02.39. 39 Video Cameras.. Video cameras may be installed if the system is:. A. Approved by the Administration;. B. Installed securely in an area of the vehicle with no sharp edges;. C. Located in an area not likely to cause student injury; and. D. Outside the federal head impact zone..
11.19.02.40.htm 11.19.02.40. 40 Safety Detection Systems.. A. A safety detection system approved by the Federal Communications Commission may be installed to warn bus drivers of moving objects, such as children, within areas around a school vehicle considered to be most dangerous if the system:1) Is designed to monitor and warn school bus drivers of moving objects during loading and unloading;2) Operates automatically;. 3) Is activated by extending the stop arm; and. 4) Has audible and visual alarms..
11.19.02.41.htm 11.19.02.41. 41 Air Conditioning Systems.. A. Air conditioning systems may be installed in school vehicles if:. 1) The systems are approved by the Administration;. 2) The agency and personnel installing the systems have been certified by the air conditioning manufacturer;3) There are no sharp edges or protrusions that could injure students;. 4) The total vehicle battery capacity is at least 1800 amperes;. 5) The vehicle alternator rating is at least 145 amperes; and.
11.19.02.42.htm 11.19.02.42. 42 Child Reminder System.. A child reminder system approved by the Administration may be installed. The deactivating switch shall be located on the inside rear most portion of the bus.
11.19.02.9999.htm 11.19.02.9999. Administrative History Effective date: February 15, 1973. Regulation .01 adopted effective April 3, 1981 (8:7 Md. R. 643). Regulations .02―17 amended effective April 3, 1981 (8:7 Md. R. 643). Regulations .02―06, .08―12, and .14―17 amended as an emergency provision effective July 6, 1983 (10:15 Md. R. 1342) emergency status extended at 10:22 Md. R. 1964 and 11:4 Md. R. 313Regulations .03B, .04B, .05B, .06, .08, .09B, .10B, .11, .12, .14B, .15B, .16B, and .17A, B amended
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