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11.14.09.00.htm 11.14.09.00. Title 11 DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Subtitle 14 MOTOR VEHICLE ADMINISTRATION ― VEHICLE INSPECTIONS Chapter 09 Safety Standards for Low Speed Vehicles Authority: Transportation Article, §12-104(b) 21-1104(d) 22-101, and 23-101―23-105, Annotated Code of Maryland; 49 CFR §571.500
11.14.09.01.htm 11.14.09.01. 01 Applicability.. A. The standards, requirements, and procedures set forth in this chapter are applicable to originally manufactured low speed vehicles with originally installed equipment or equipment manufactured and installed to meet the federal and State requirements for low speed vehicles. Any questions regarding low speed vehicle standards or specifications shall be referred to the Automotive Safety Enforcement Division of the Department of State Police.
11.14.09.02.htm 11.14.09.02. 02 Incorporation by Reference.. In this chapter, Surface Vehicle Standards for Low Speed Vehicles, SAE J2358 (Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc. March 2002) is incorporated by reference.
11.14.09.03.htm 11.14.09.03. 03 Performance.. A. Due to the vehicle's required speed limitations and the restricted highways where operation is permitted, a road test is not required. The vehicle, however, must be capable of moving under its own power in and out of the inspection area. The vehicle will be required to function as designed in all operational settings. Observe for any adverse steering, handling, or braking reactions.Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) Inflate tires to recom
11.14.09.04.htm 11.14.09.04. 04 Steering, Alignment, and Suspension.. A. Steering. Inspect the entire steering system including steering wheel, steering column, lash, linkage, free play, and power steering, if so equipped, for missing, loose, damaged, or worn parts.1) Steering Wheel. The steering wheel shall be inspected to determine if it is circular (complete rim) and free of cracks, breaks, or objects that will interfere with the safe steering of the vehicle. The inspection must determine that the steering w
11.14.09.05.htm 11.14.09.05. 05 Brakes.. A. Hydraulic System.. 1) Tests and Visual Inspection Procedures. Results will indicate whether or not a vehicle has reasonably safe brakes at the time of inspection. These procedures are applicable to vehicles equipped with hand controls for the physically handicapped. If equipped with power assisted hydraulic brakes, system shall be functioning as designed.Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. a) Hydraulic System Leakage Test. While the vehicle is stopped, depress bra
11.14.09.06.htm 11.14.09.06. 06 Wheels and Tires.. A. This inspection requires the vehicle to be raised on an approved lift.. Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) Inspect for tire wear. (a) Tires with tread wear indicators will be inspected using the tire's tread wear indicators. (b) Tires not equipped with tread wear indicators will be measured using an approved tire tread depth gauge at the thinnest point in any major tread groove. (c) Inspect for cord or belting exposure.1) Inspect for tire wear.
11.14.09.07.htm 11.14.09.07. 07 Bumpers ― If So Equipped.. A. Bumpers are not required on low speed vehicles. However, if so equipped, they shall be inspected for broken or missing parts, sharp edges, or other conditions that could be hazardous to individuals. The bumpers shall be securely mounted to the vehicle.Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) Bumpers. Inspect bumpers for condition and mounting.. 1) Bumpers or protective coverings contain sharp edges, or conditions are present that could be haza
11.14.09.08.htm 11.14.09.08. 08 Fenders and Flaps.. A. A low speed vehicle shall be equipped with fender coverage of front and rear wheels. Inspection shall include condition, mounting, and coverage of wheels and tires.Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) Fenders shall be securely attached to the vehicle and inspected for tears, sharp or jagged edges that extend outward from the fender, and sufficient coverage of the wheel and tire both from the body outward and to the front and rear of tires and w
11.14.09.09.htm 11.14.09.09. 09 Lighting.. A. Definitions.. 1) "Asymmetrical beam (nonsymmetrical) means a beam in which both sides are not symmetrical with respect to the median vertical plane of the beam. All lower beams are asymmetrical.2) "Auxiliary driving lamp, auxiliary upper beam lamp, or auxiliary high beam lamp" means a lighting device mounted to provide illumination forward of the vehicle and intended to supplement the upper beam of a standard headlamp system. It is not intended for use alone or wit
11.14.09.10.htm 11.14.09.10. 10 Electrical System.. A. The electrical system includes the key/ignition switch, battery pack, power cables, wiring, and necessary connections to power the unit, lighting system, and accessories.Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1)Visually examine each battery for evidence of leakage, loose connections, low in fluid if applicable, or improperly secured.1)Any battery that: (a)Is cracked, broken, or leaking; (b)Has connections that are loose or show signs of excessive corrosion
11.14.09.11.htm 11.14.09.11. 11 Mirrors.. A. Outside Mirrors. As required by 49 CFR §571.500, all vehicles shall be equipped with an exterior mirror mounted on the driver's side of the vehicle and either an exterior mirror mounted on the passenger's side of the vehicle or an interior mirror.All exterior mirrors shall provide a view of the highway for a distance of at least 200 feet to the rear. A vehicle with add-on tint must have an outside rearview mirror on the passenger side.1) Rearview Mirror or Mir
11.14.09.12.htm 11.14.09.12. 12 Vehicle Glazing.. A. As required under Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards, 49 CFR §571.500 "Low Speed Vehicles" all low speed vehicles shall be equipped with a windshield that conforms to the federal motor vehicle safety standard on glazing materials, 49 CFR §571.205. Windshields of low speed vehicles must meet the ANSI/SAE Z26.1 ―1996 specifications for either AS-1 or AS-4 glazing (incorporated by reference; see 49 CFR §571.5) Safety glazing is marked with th
11.14.09.13.htm 11.14.09.13. 13 Windshield Wipers and Washers.. A. The windshield wipers shall be inspected for operation, control, condition of blades and arms, or any missing part. Vehicle manufacturers may design vehicle to be equipped with only one windshield wiper.Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) Windshield Wipers. (a) Inspect for operation as designed. Windshield shall be free of insects, oil film, or other foreign matter, and should be continuously wet when tested. (b) Inspect for damaged
11.14.09.14.htm 11.14.09.14. 14 Hood and Catches.. A. Inspection shall consist of operation and presence of hinges, latches, release mechanisms, safety catches, or fasteners, if so equipped, insuring that the hood encloses the motor compartment.Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) Open hood and inspect for proper operation. Inspect all hinges, latches, release mechanism, safety catch, or fasteners, for condition and proper operation. Close hood and inspect for proper full closure. If motor is rear m
11.14.09.15.htm 11.14.09.15. 15 Doors, Handles, and Latches ― If So Equipped.. A. Inspection of doors, handles, latches, and hinges applies to all vehicles originally manufactured with doors and all other vehicles that are equipped with doors.Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) Inspect all doors, latches, hinges, and handles for broken or missing parts, proper operation, and improper adjustment.1) Doors or door parts are missing, broken, or sagging so that the door cannot be closed as designed.
11.14.09.16.htm 11.14.09.16. 16 Floor and Trunk Pans.. A. Floor and trunk pans shall be inspected for structural integrity and general condition.. Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) Inspect floor and trunk pans for structural integrity and general condition.. 1) Floor or trunk pan of unibody construction is cracked or broken, or is otherwise damaged or in a condition that would affect structural integrity.2) Floor or trunk pan is otherwise damaged or deteriorated to cause a hazard to an occupant, or affe
11.14.09.17.htm 11.14.09.17. 17 Speedometer and Odometer.. A. Speedometer and odometer shall be inspected to determine if they are connected and speedometer is operable. The dial and speed increments of speedometer are legible, and calibrated in miles or kilometers.Agency Note: Odometer readings in kilometers shall be converted and recorded in miles on inspection check sheet and inspection certificate.Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) Visually inspect speedometer for operation and legibility. Due to the in
11.14.09.18.htm 11.14.09.18. 18 Driver's Seat and All Passenger Seating.. A. The vehicle shall provide securely fastened seating arrangements, including a backrest for each intended occupant. The driver's seat shall be inspected for proper operation of the adjusting mechanism, along with any adjustable passenger seat if so equipped.Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) Inspect for presence and condition of all seating.. 1) Any seating shows indication of being loose, damaged, or broken, or not
11.14.09.19.htm 11.14.09.19. 19 Safety Belts.. A. As required under Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards 49 CFR §571.500, Standard No. 500 Low Speed Vehicles, all low speed vehicles shall be equipped with a Type 1 or Type 2 seat belt assembly conforming to §571.209 of this part, Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 209, Seat belt assemblies, installed at each designated seating position. Seat belt assembly means any strap, webbing, or similar device designed to secure a person in a mot
11.14.09.20.htm 11.14.09.20. 20 Motor, Transaxle, and Transmission Mounts.. A. Motor, transaxle, and transmission mounts include any mounting or securing device designed to hold the motor, transaxle, or transmission in a stable position.Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. Inspect for missing, worn, loose, or broken motor, transaxle, or transmission mounts and securing devices.Any motor, transaxle, or transmission mount or securing device is missing, worn, loose, or broken..
11.14.09.21.htm 11.14.09.21. 21 Directional Control.. A. Inspect the directional control and reverse warning device.. Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) Directional Control (Forward and Reverse)The directional forward and reverse control shall be clearly marked as to its directional position. Directional Control (Forward and Reverse) as described in SAE J2358, is incorporated by reference in Regulation .02 of this chapter.1) Directional control is not clearly marked as to its position..
11.14.09.22.htm 11.14.09.22. 22 Constant Velocity Joints and Universal Joints.. A. Constant velocity joints are generally found on drive axles. Universal joints are generally found on drive shafts and drive axles of vehicles.Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) Inspect for attachment and worn, damaged, or loose universal joints and constant velocity joints.. 1) Joint is not securely attached to the driving and/or driven member.. 2) Inspect for attachment and worn, damaged, or loose center support bearin
11.14.09.23.htm 11.14.09.23. 23 Modifications.. A. Modifications―The controlling party, owner, person, or organization responsible for the conduct of the operator and maintenance of the low speed vehicle may not perform, or allow to be performed, any modifications or additions which affect capacity, safe operation, maximum speed, or any change not in accordance with the operator's manual without the manufacturer's prior written authorization. Where authorized modifications have been made, the
11.14.09.24.htm 11.14.09.24. 24 Vehicle Identification Number.. A. As required under Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards 49 CFR §571.500, Standard No. 500 Low Speed Vehicles, the manufacturers of all low speed vehicles shall legibly inscribe the vehicle identification number (VIN) that conforms to the requirements of 49 CFR Part 565 Vehicle Identification Number. Each VIN shall consist of 17 characters.Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) Inspect vehicle for manufacturer's vehicle identification number..
11.14.09.25.htm 11.14.09.25. 25 Certification Label.. A. The federal motor vehicle safety certification label shall be affixed to the vehicle and identify it as a Low Speed Vehicle for the regulations under this chapter to apply.Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) Inspect vehicle's federal motor vehicle safety certification label.. 1) Vehicle's federal motor vehicle safety certification label is missing, altered, or fails to identify the vehicle as a Low Speed Vehicle.
11.14.09.26.htm 11.14.09.26. 26 Safety Signs and Low Speed Vehicle Disclosure Decal.. A. Safety signs, when installed by the vehicle manufacturer, shall be permanently affixed to the vehicle and visible to the operator and occupants as designed by the vehicle manufacturer.Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) Inspect for safety signs/warnings installed by the vehicle manufacturer.. 1) Any safety sign/warning, if originally installed by the manufacturer, has obviously been removed, tampered with, or is oth
11.14.09.9999.htm 11.14.09.9999. Administrative History Effective date:. Regulations .01―27 adopted as an emergency provision effective January 1, 2006 (33:4 Md. R. 349) emergency provision extended at 33:15 Md. R. 1275; emergency status expired December 28, 2006Regulations .01―27 adopted as an emergency provision effective March 9, 2007 (34:9 Md. R. 824) emergency provision expired September 5, 2007Regulations .01―26 adopted effective September 10, 2007 (34:18 Md. R. 1580).
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