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11.14.04.00.htm 11.14.04.00. Title 11 DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Subtitle 14 MOTOR VEHICLE ADMINISTRATION ― VEHICLE INSPECTIONS Chapter 04 Safety Standards for Trucks, Truck Tractors, Commercial Buses, and Type I School Vehicles Authority: Transportation Article, §12-104(b) 23-101―23-105, and 24-106.1, Annotated Code of Maryland
11.14.04.01.htm 11.14.04.01. 01 Applicability.. The standards, requirements, and procedures set forth in this chapter are applicable to equipment originally installed by the manufacturer or required by federal or State requirement on trucks (over 10,000 pounds GVWR) multipurpose passenger vehicles having a chassis rating greater than 10,000 pounds, truck tractors, commercial buses, and type I school vehicles. Any questions regarding these standards or specifications shall be referred to the Au
11.14.04.02.htm 11.14.04.02. 02 Steering, Alignment, and Suspension.. A. Steering. Inspect the entire steering system including steering, wheel, steering column, lash, linkage, free play, and power steering for missing, loose, damaged, or worn parts.1) Steering Wheel. The steering wheel shall be inspected to determine whether it is circular (complete rim) and free of cracks, breaks, or objects which will interfere with the safe steering of the vehicle. The inspection will also be made to determi
11.14.04.03.htm 11.14.04.03. 03 Brakes.. A. Brake Inspection―Heavy Vehicles. Certain items of special interest shall be considered by the inspector when evaluating the braking on large, heavily loaded vehicles.B. Safety. The vehicle or combination of vehicles may weigh many tons and too much stress cannot be put upon the safety of the inspector and others when testing the stopping ability of the vehicles. These tests shall be conducted with extreme care in order to prevent possible skidding, jackknifing,
11.14.04.04.htm 11.14.04.04. 04 Wheels and Tires.. A. Tire Inspection. Reference is made to Figures 17 and 18 for visual aid in determining tire wear. A radial ply tire may not be used with a nonradial-type tire on the same axle. All tires on the steering axle shall be the same size and type of construction. All tires shall be the same size on the same axle.Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) Inspect for tire wear: (a) Tires without tread wear indicators. (b) Tires with tread wear indicat
11.14.04.05.htm 11.14.04.05. 05 Fuel System.. A. The fuel system includes the fuel tank, fuel pump, and necessary piping to carry the fuel from the tank to the carburetor or to the injection system.Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) Visually examine the fuel tank, fuel tank support straps, filler tube (rubber, plastic, metal) tube clamps, fuel tank vent hoses or tubes, filler housing drain, overflow tubes, filler cap, fuel filter, carburetor, or injector system.1) (a) Any part of system
11.14.04.06.htm 11.14.04.06. 06 Exhaust System.. A. The exhaust system includes the exhaust manifold, and all piping leading to and including the muffler, catalytic converter, resonator, and the tail piping.Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) With engine running and the vehicle on a hoist, lift, or over a pit, visually inspect the exhaust pipes, mufflers, resonators, and tail pipes for leaks, deterioration, proper mounting, damage and general condition. (a) Rusted or corroded areas shall be given particular at
11.14.04.07.htm 11.14.04.07. 07 Emission Control System on School Vehicles.. A. This regulation represents the current recommendations of the Vehicle Emissions Inspection Panel of the Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association, Inc. regarding engine maintenance inspection required to minimize vehicle emissions. This section is advisory and is primarily related to 1968 and later models.B. The inspection of emission control systems applies only to spark ignition engines, not to diesels.
11.14.04.08.htm 11.14.04.08. 08 Bumpers and Rear Metal Frame.. A. Bumpers shall be inspected for broken or missing parts, abnormal protrusions, sharp edges, or conditions that could be hazardous to persons. The bumpers shall be securely mounted to the vehicle and be capable of absorbing a reasonable degree of impact. Every truck with a GVWR over 10,000 pounds, except truck tractors and vehicles engaged in drive-away/tow-away operations, which is so constructed that the body or the chassis assembly, if withou
11.14.04.09.htm 11.14.04.09. 09 Rear Wheel Protector Flaps.. A person may not operate, cause or permit to be operated any bus or truck on the highways of this State unless it is equipped with suitable metal protectors or substantial flexible flaps behind the rearmost wheels of the vehicle to prevent the projection of rocks, dirt, water, or other substances to the rear and to minimize side spray. This regulation does not apply to any farm tractor or any vehicle registered as a farm truck or to uncoupled tru
11.14.04.10.htm 11.14.04.10. 10 Fenders.. Fender inspection shall include condition, mounting, and coverage of wheels and tires. If the body of the vehicle does not provide coverage, the vehicle shall then be equipped with suitable metal protectors or substantial flexible flaps behind the rearmost wheels of the vehicle.Procedures. Reject Vehicle If:. A. Fenders shall be securely attached to the vehicle and inspected for tears, sharp or jagged edges, sufficient coverage of the wheel and tire both fr
11.14.04.11.htm 11.14.04.11. 11 Body and Sheet Metal ― Applicable to School Vehicles Only.. Body exterior components and sheet metal parts, if damaged or dislocated so that they project from the vehicle to present a safety hazard to occupants, pedestrians, or other vehicles, may be cause for rejection of the vehicle.Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. A. Protruding Metal: Inspect for torn metal parts, moldings, rub rails, etc. which may protrude from vehicle.A. (1) Body components or sheet metal are subject
11.14.04.12.htm 11.14.04.12. 12 Lighting.. A. General Lamp and Reflector Inspection. This includes all original equipment, exterior lighting plus whatever lights are authorized. School vehicles have special marking and lighting to assure their identity. Refer to diagrams of front and rear views (Figures 27 and 29)Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) Visual Check of Lamp Function: Turn on the night driving lights and visually check the following: (Check (a) and (b) with ignition switch on, engin
11.14.04.13.htm 11.14.04.13. 13 Electrical System.. A. Electrical System. To save time, the inspector should develop his own plan or sequence for checking miscellaneous electrical items, many of which can be inspected while inspecting other items.Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) Horn shall be securely fastened, produce audible but not harsh or loud sound, and have a horn button readily accessible to the operator. (2) Switches shall all function properly. (3) Wiring shall be well insulated. (4) Con
11.14.04.14.htm 11.14.04.14. 14 Interior and Emergency Equipment ― Applicable to School Vehicles Only.. A. Seats, Stanchions, Rails.. Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) Seats and Seat Belts: (a) Inspect seats for secure anchorage to floor; (b) Inspect seats for condition of frames, springs, and cover material; (c) Inspect driver's and occupant's seat belt webbing for fraying, splitting, tearing, malfunctioning buckles; loose, damaged, or missing anchorages or damaged or weakened floor p
11.14.04.15.htm 11.14.04.15. 15 Mirrors.. A. Outside Mirrors. Every vehicle shall be equipped with an outside rearview mirror on the driver's side providing a view of the highway for a distance of at least 200 feet to the rear. Every school vehicle shall be equipped with at least one convex mirror, not less than 7-1/2 inches in diameter, which shall be firmly mounted on the left front corner forward of the seated driver so that he may observe a reflection of the road from the front bumpe
11.14.04.16.htm 11.14.04.16. 16 Vehicle Glazing.. A. Safety glazing material is marked with the manufacturer's distinctive designation or trademark, model number and the letters "AS" followed by a number from 1 through 16B, which indicates where the glazing may be used on the vehicle. Safety glazing material also has the symbol “DOT” (Department of Transportation) and a manufacturer’s code mark that the NHTSA (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration) assigns to the manufacturer. Any quest
11.14.04.17.htm 11.14.04.17. 17 Windshield Wipers and Washers.. A. The windshield wipers shall be inspected for operation, control, condition of blades and arms, or any missing part.Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) Windshield Wipers: (a) Inspect for satisfactory operation (if vacuum operated, engine shall be idling and control full on) Windshield shall be free of insects, oil film, or other foreign matter, and should be continuously wet when tested. Wetting the windshield during school vehicle inspection ma
11.14.04.18.htm 11.14.04.18. 18 Hood and Catches.. A. Inspection shall consist of operation and presence of catches and safety catches, insuring that the hood covers at least the top part of the engine compartment; and if equipped with an air scoop or bubble, it does not extend higher than 1/3 the vertical height of the windshield.Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) Open hood and inspect safety catch for proper operation. Close hood and inspect for proper full closure. Manually inspect latch or remote control f
11.14.04.19.htm 11.14.04.19. 19 Doors, Handles, and Latches.. A. Inspection of doors, handles, latches, and hinges applies to all vehicles originally manufactured with doors and all other vehicles which are equipped doors.Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) Inspect all doors, latches, hinges, and handles for broken or missing parts, proper operation, and improper adjustment (open and close doors) Electric push button or ring and cable means of opening the door are acceptable provided they are readily
11.14.04.20.htm 11.14.04.20. 20 Floor and Trunk Pans.. A. Floor and trunk pans shall be inspected for holes or rusted and weakened conditions.. Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) Inspect floor pan in occupant compartment (cab) or in cargo areas open to the occupant compartment for rusted out areas or holes which could permit entry of exhaust gases, which could not support occupants, or which affect secure mounting of seats.1) Floor pan (or floor) is cracked, has holes or is rusted through or weake
11.14.04.21.htm 11.14.04.21. 21 Speedometer and Odometer.. A. Speedometer, odometer, or hubometer will be inspected to determine if they are connected and operable, the dial and calibrations are legible, and calibrated in miles or kilometers.Procedures:. Reject Vehicle If:. 1) Visually inspect speedometer and odometer for operation and legibility. Speedometer must register speed and odometer must register distance traveled. The speedometer may register speed in miles per hour or kilometers per h
11.14.04.22.htm 11.14.04.22. 22 Preventive Maintenance ― Applicable to School Vehicles Only.. A. The vehicle owner shall establish a preventive maintenance program recording inspection, repairs, and maintenance by vehicle number, and include at least annually a complete preventive maintenance inspection, to assure that each vehicle is in compliance with all sections of this handbook pertaining to school vehicles. When the wheels have been removed for inspection or maintenance, and after th
11.14.04.23.htm 11.14.04.23. 23 Load Covers.. A. This regulation does not apply to a:. 1) Class K (farm area) vehicle as defined in Transportation Article, §13-935, Annotated Code of Maryland;2) Construction vehicle working within the confines of a public works construction work project site as outlined in the construction project's plans and specifications, provided the distance travelled does not exceed 1 mile or the distance specified in an extension granted by the Maryland Department of Transportation;
11.14.04.9999.htm 11.14.04.9999. Administrative History Effective date:. Chapter revised effective October 3, 1980 (7:20 Md. R. 1880). Chapter revised effective October 31, 1988 (15:22 Md. R. 2557). Regulation .02 amended effective October 9, 1995 (22:20 Md. R. 1544). Regulation .05 amended effective April 1, 1991 (18:6 Md. R. 686). Regulation .06 amended effective April 1, 1991 (18:6 Md. R. 686). Regulation .10 amended effective April 1, 1991 (18:6 Md. R. 686).
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