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08.03.12.00.htm 08.03.12.00. Title 08 DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES Subtitle 03 WILDLIFE Chapter 12 Wildlife Rehabilitation Authority: Natural Resources Article, §10-205 and 10-908, Annotated Code of Maryland
08.03.12.01.htm 08.03.12.01. 01 Scope.. A. The regulations in this chapter are in addition to any requirements imposed by:. 1) COMAR 08.03.08;. 2) The Migratory Bird Treaty Act, 16 U.S.C. §703 ― 712 as amended;. 3) Any local law regulating the possession of wildlife; or. 4) Any State law describing the practice of veterinary medicine.. B. This chapter allows for the rehabilitation of orphaned, sick, or injured wildlife to be released into the wild.
08.03.12.02.htm 08.03.12.02. 02 Definitions.. A. In this chapter, the following terms have the meaning indicated.. B. Terms Defined.. 1) "Continuing education" means instruction, courses of instruction, study guides, or other materials determined by the Wildlife and Heritage Service to be necessary for a person to renew a permit allowing a person to rehabilitate wildlife.2) "Endangered species" means a species whose continued existence as a viable component of the State's flora or fauna is dete
08.03.12.03.htm 08.03.12.03. 03 Incorporation by Reference.. Procedures and Guidelines for Wildlife Rehabilitators Who are Authorized to Handle Rabies-Vector Species (RVS) (Connecticut Wildlife Rehabilitators Association, the Fund for Animals, amended by Patrice N. Klein, MS, VMD, DACPV Wildlife Veterinarian, The Humane Society of the United States, March 2001) is incorporated by reference.
08.03.12.04.htm 08.03.12.04. 04 Permit Requirements.. A. A permit, authorized in accordance with Natural Resources Article, §10-908, Annotated Code of Maryland, is required before a person may rehabilitate wildlife. Under the authority of the permit, a person may capture, receive, possess, transport, or transfer a wild animal to rehabilitate it for release in the wild.B. To apply for a permit, an applicant shall:. 1) Be 18 years old or older;.
08.03.12.05.htm 08.03.12.05. 05 Classes of Permits.. A. The Department shall issue apprentice and master level permits to allow a person to rehabilitate wildlife upon satisfaction of the requirements of this regulation.B. Apprentice Wildlife Rehabilitator.. 1) The Department shall provide an application form to an applicant for an apprentice level permit to allow a person to rehabilitate wildlife. The applicant shall:a) Meet the requirements of Regulation .04 of this chapter;.
08.03.12.06.htm 08.03.12.06. 06 Examinations and Continuing Education Requirements.. A. An applicant for a permit allowing a person to rehabilitate wildlife shall take a course and pass a test designed by:1) The International Wildlife Rehabilitation Council; or. 2) The National Wildlife Rehabilitation Association.. B. For each license period, a master wildlife rehabilitator shall complete 12 hours of continuing education classes or research approved by the Department. The Department shal
08.03.12.07.htm 08.03.12.07. 07 Sponsorship.. A. A master wildlife rehabilitator may serve as a sponsor for an apprentice wildlife rehabilitator if the individual:1) Has held a master class permit for at least 2 years;. 2) Has the authority to care for the species the apprentice is seeking a permit to rehabilitate;. 3) Agrees to document the apprentice's hours spent doing rehabilitation work; and. 4) Agrees to complete a skills check list for the apprentice..
08.03.12.08.htm 08.03.12.08. 08 Provisional Permits.. A. To provide a group of master rehabilitators to serve as sponsors for apprentice level permittees, the Department may issue a provisional permit to an individual qualified under Regulation .04 if that individual agrees to complete the continuing education requirements described in Regulation .06 of this chapter within 1 year of the date the provisional permit is issued.B. A Maryland resident licensed to rehabilitate wildlife in another state m
08.03.12.09.htm 08.03.12.09. 09 Exemptions for Licensed Veterinarians.. A. A licensed veterinarian may serve as a consultant to an apprentice or master class permittee without a permit allowing a person to rehabilitate wildlife.B. A licensed veterinarian without a permit allowing a person to rehabilitate wildlife may treat wild animals, protected birds, or protected mammals in the office or clinic if the animals are not kept at the veterinary office or clinic longer than 48 hours.C. A licensed veterinaria
08.03.12.10.htm 08.03.12.10. 10 Record-Keeping and Reporting Requirements.. A. A rehabilitator authorized under this chapter shall maintain records on forms provided by the Department. The records shall reflect:1) The species of animal received;. 2) When the animal was received and where it was obtained;. 3) Disposition of the animal; and. 4) If an animal was released, where the animal was released.. B. The records shall be updated within 24 hours of the receipt or disposition of an animal..
08.03.12.11.htm 08.03.12.11. 11 Facilities and Operating Standards.. A. Except to provide food, water, and exercise for animals, indoor and outdoor facilities, cages, pens, enclosures, and other areas shall be sufficiently separate from domestic animals and human living or work space in order to prevent human contact with the animals.B. Animals shall be caged with like species except when:. 1) Removal is necessary for veterinary treatment;. 2) Being transferred to another licensed rehabilitator; or.
08.03.12.12.htm 08.03.12.12. 12 Sanitation.. A permittee shall dispose of animal and food waste, bedding, dead animals, trash, and debris. Disposal facilities shall be provided and operated to minimize vermin infestation, odors, and disease hazards. Rehabilitators shall comply with all applicable laws pertaining to disposal. A suitable sanitary method shall be provided to rapidly eliminate excess water from indoor housing facilities. If drains are used, they shall be constructed and install
08.03.12.13.htm 08.03.12.13. 13 Indoor Facilities.. A. The temperature in indoor housing facilities shall be regulated by heating or cooling to protect the animals from extremes of temperature, to provide for their health, and to prevent their discomfort. The ambient temperature may not fall below or rise above the temperatures which the animal can tolerate without stress or discomfort.B. Indoor facilities shall at all times be adequately ventilated by natural or mechanical means to provide for the health and
08.03.12.14.htm 08.03.12.14. 14 Outdoor Facilities.. A. When sunlight is likely to cause overheating or discomfort of animals, sufficient shade by natural or artificial means shall be provided to allow animals kept outdoors to protect themselves from direct sunlight.B. Natural or artificial shelter appropriate to the local climatic conditions for a species shall be provided for animals kept outdoors to afford sufficient protection and to prevent discomfort. Individual animals shall be ac
08.03.12.15.htm 08.03.12.15. 15 Animal Health and Care.. A. The food provided for the animal shall be wholesome, palatable, free from contamination, and of sufficient quantity and nutritional value to maintain the animal in good health. The diet shall be prepared with consideration for the age, species, condition, size, and type of the animal. Animals shall be fed at least once daily, except during normal hibernation, veterinary treatment, normal fasts, or other professionally B. Food receptacles, if u
08.03.12.16.htm 08.03.12.16. 16 Inspection of Facilities.. The Department may:. A. Enter and inspect the premises where operation under this chapter occurs; and. B. Inspect the records associated with activities regulated under this chapter..
08.03.12.17.htm 08.03.12.17. 17 Transfer of Animals.. Animals being rehabilitated may be transferred to another licensed rehabilitator if, after discussing it with the rehabilitator's veterinary consultant, it is determined that another licensed rehabilitator authorized to care for the animal would be able to provide improved care.
08.03.12.18.htm 08.03.12.18. 18 Limit on Number of Permits.. The Department may limit the total number of permits which allow a person to rehabilitate wildlife that are issued, or the number issued in certain geographic areas of the State, if in the best interest of the wildlife resource, or if necessary to provide for the most efficient management of the permitting process by the Department.
08.03.12.19.htm 08.03.12.19. 19 Restrictions on Species.. A. The Department may restrict the rehabilitation of certain species of animals, either Statewide or in certain geographic locations, due to disease, overpopulation, or other limiting factors. The permit may be limited to certain species if determined to be in the best interest of the wildlife resource, or upon the request of the applicant.B. Coyotes, nutria, deer, and black bear may only be rehabilitated at the discretion of the Wildlife
08.03.12.20.htm 08.03.12.20. 20 Release of Animals.. A. When, in the judgment of the rehabilitator, after discussion with the rehabilitator's veterinarian consultant, an injured or sick animal has sufficiently recovered, or an orphaned animal has matured to the point that it has a reasonable chance to survive in the wild, the animal shall be released immediately in a suitable habitat as near as possible to the point where the animal was captured.B. Rehabilitated animals may not be transported ac
08.03.12.21.htm 08.03.12.21. 21 Disposition of Nonreleasable Animals.. A. If, in the judgment of the rehabilitator, and after discussion with the rehabilitator's veterinarian consultant, an injured, sick, or orphaned animal is incapable of surviving if released to the wild, the animal shall be:1) Humanely euthanized under the direction of the veterinarian consultant in accordance with Regulation .22 of this chapter;2) Turned over to the Wildlife and Heritage Service; or.
08.03.12.22.htm 08.03.12.22. 22 Euthanasia.. A. Euthanizing shall be done by the most humane means possible by a rehabilitator or the rehabilitator's veterinary consultant, and in a manner prescribed by the veterinary consultant. These procedures shall conform to the standards set by the American Veterinary Medicine Association or the National Wildlife Rehabilitation Association.B. An animal listed as a threatened or endangered species may be euthanized after the rehabilitator has obtained the approval
08.03.12.23.htm 08.03.12.23. 23 Revocation.. A. The Department may revoke a permit issued under this chapter for a violation of:. 1) This chapter;. 2) The terms of the permit; or. 3) A State or federal wildlife law or regulation.. B. If a permit under this chapter is revoked, the Director of the Wildlife and Heritage Service, in the Director's sole discretion, may order confiscation of a member of a species or subspecies of wildlife. The disposition of confiscated members of a species or subspecies is
08.03.12.24.htm 08.03.12.24. 24 Penalties.. Violation of this chapter is a misdemeanor punishable under Natural Resources Article, §10-205 and 10-1101―10-1107, Annotated Code of Maryland.
08.03.12.9999.htm 08.03.12.9999. Administrative History Effective date: October 29, 2001 (28:21 Md. R. 1854).
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